New PDF release: Wittgenstein and William James

By Russell B. Goodman

ISBN-10: 0511042396

ISBN-13: 9780511042393

ISBN-10: 0521813158

ISBN-13: 9780521813150

Книга Wittgenstein and William James Wittgenstein and William James Книги Психология, философия Автор: Russell B. Goodman Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Cambridge college Press Страниц: 224 Размер: 1,2 Mb ISBN: 0521813158 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:This booklet explores Wittgenstein's lengthy engagement with the paintings of the pragmatist William James. unlike earlier discussions, Russell Goodman argues that James exerted a particular and pervasive confident effect on Wittgenstein's idea. He indicates that either proportion commitments to anti-foundationalism, to the outline of the concrete information of human adventure, and to the concern of perform over mind. contemplating intimately what Wittgenstein learnt from his examining of William James, Goodman presents huge proof for Wittgenstein's declare that he's announcing "something that appears like pragmatism."

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Книга Wittgenstein and William James Wittgenstein and William James Книги Психология, философия Автор: Russell B. Goodman Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат. :Cambridge collage Press Страниц: 224 Размер: 1,2 Mb ISBN: 0521813158 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:This e-book explores Wittgenstein's lengthy engagement with the paintings of the pragmatist William James.

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Even as we learn new facts and rearrange or revolutionize our theories of things, “we are all extreme conservatives” in regard to certain beliefs. James calls these long and fondly held beliefs those of “common sense,” and devotes an entire chapter of Pragmatism to them. ” James’s chapter on “Pragmatism and Common Sense” changes the metaphor but repeats the vision of a tried and true system of knowledge, which grows only at certain points. Our knowledge, he now writes, grows only “in spots” (P, 82).

There is one more source, however, for Wittgenstein’s acquaintance with pragmatism: a book by a founding pragmatist writer that we know Wittgenstein to have read again and again. This is James’s Principles of Psychology, a book that, unlike Pragmatism, met with much favor in Britain. It was required reading for the psychology course at Cambridge, and Benjamin Ward’s long article on psychology in the 1911 edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica makes extensive use of James’s work. Wittgenstein refers to the book in his journals and typescripts, from the early 1930s until the end of his life; and in such works as Philosophical Grammar, The Brown Book, the two volumes of Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology, Last Writings on the Philosophy of Psychology, and the Philosophical Investigations.

The tour guide reveals something of himself. A main distinction of the book is between “the religion of healthy-mindedness” – practiced by those who “look on everything and see that it is good” – and the religion of the “sick souls” – those who find a fundamental terror, emptiness, or evil at the heart of existence. ” Even before this distinction is officially introduced, however, James suggests that he sees himself among these sick souls. Discussing the “psychopathic” origins of many religious states, he argues that simply because these states are in some way abnormal, it does not follow that they fail to inform us about the world.

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Wittgenstein and William James by Russell B. Goodman


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