By Peter Hinchcliffe
'So we left with no glory yet with no disaster', Sir Humphrey Trevelyan, the final excessive Commissioner of the Federation of South Arabia. In 1967, 139 years after their arrival in Aden, the British withdrew from the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. utilizing very important, formerly unpublished fabric and unique interviews with quite a number participants, either British and Yemeni, who lived via this attention-grabbing interval of colonial heritage, with out Glory in Arabia tells the tale of the ultimate few years of British rule in Aden and the neighboring jap and Western Aden Protectorates. whereas a few could argue that British rule had, most of the time, been invaluable to the neighborhood inhabitants, others insist that little or no was once accomplished. Worse, Britain used to be not able to discover a constitution of presidency structure which met the conflicting wishes of Aden and the Protectorate. This illuminating ebook brilliantly units the "scuttle" in context with a radical re-evaluation of the history opposed to which the occasions of the Sixties opened up during this imprecise backwater of the British Empire.
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Extra resources for Without Glory in Arabia: The British Retreat from Aden (International Library of Colonial History)
In most of the Protectorate, tribesmen carried personal weapons, typically the Lee-Enfield rifle and a ‘jambiya’, a form of dagger. The towndwellers distrusted the tribesmen, who had made a practice over the years of holding transit trade to ransom and were inclined to settle disputes violently. In the Eastern Aden Protectorate (EAP), the far-sighted Sultan Saleh al Quaiti and a public-spirited Hadhrami, Sayyid Bubakr bin Sheikh al Kaf, supported by the British resident, Harold Ingrams, had in the 1930s negotiated a truce between the tribes which dramatically improved security and made possible substantial improvements in government and the economy.
It is possible that the South Arabian League, which had for five years espoused a single state for South Arabia, and Ali Abdul Karim, the former Sultan of Lahej, might have been willing to return and operate within the constitutional constraints. There would also have been a greater chance of keeping the states of the Eastern Protectorate in favour of federation, with all this would have meant for a more balanced representation within the power structure of the Federation and for the future viability of the country.
Most of these were a strategic reserve to be deployed around the Indian Ocean as required, not for use in Aden. 7 Gorell Barnes passed his three ‘rather shattering letters’ on to LennoxBoyd. The first of these letters was an assessment of the British position in Aden and the Arab world generally. Egypt and Russia had common interests in South West Arabia which they pursued through support for the ambitions of the Zaidi Imams of Yemen. 3 A Royal Navy aircraft carrier in Aden harbour: strategic flexibility.
Without Glory in Arabia: The British Retreat from Aden (International Library of Colonial History) by Peter Hinchcliffe