By Alberto Simpser
Why do events and governments cheat in elections they can not lose? This ebook records the common use of blatant and over the top manipulation of elections and explains what drives this custom. Alberto Simpser indicates that, often, elections are approximately greater than successful. Electoral manipulation isn't just a device used to achieve votes, but additionally a method of transmitting or distorting info. This manipulation conveys a picture of power, shaping the habit of electorate, bureaucrats, politicians, events, unions, and businesspeople to the advantage of the manipulators, expanding the scope for the manipulators to pursue their ambitions whereas in executive and mitigating destiny demanding situations to their carry on strength. Why Governments and events manage Elections presents a basic thought approximately what drives electoral manipulation and empirically records worldwide styles of manipulation.
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Extra resources for Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections: Theory, Practice, and Implications (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions)
Sometimes, however, a single piece of evidence can be as suggestive as extensive testing of observable implications. One such piece comes from Ukraine, from a set of clandestine recordings in the 1990s of the conversations of thenpresident Leonid Kuchma. These recordings, known as the Melnychenko tapes, became available in 2000. The tapes contain hundreds of hours of conversations between Kuchma and other prominent figures. , through vote buying or intimidation – and participation choices not directly induced by such tactics.
Sartori also distinguishes between a dominant party and a dominant-party system (2005, 173). Thus, party dominance is found in different regime types: a dominant party can exist in a democracy, a competitive authoritarian regime, or a hegemonic authoritarian one. The dominance threshold for Pempel (1990) is a plurality of votes and seats, for Ware (1996) it is 40–50% of the vote. For critical takes on approaches to dominance see Bogaards 2004; Magaloni 2006; Greene 2007. 3. 24 Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections single-party, or almost-single-party elections, such as those in Syria in the past few decades, Iraq before 2003, the Soviet Union, the former East Germany, or Cambodia between 1946 and 1981.
At the same time, the book is broader in scope than the literature on authoritarianism because it considers electoral manipulation as it happens in electoral systems in general, not only in authoritarian ones. 31 With respect to the first issue, I show that much of the literature on authoritarian elections reflects the view that the main purpose of electoral fraud is to win the election at hand. I argue that this view, while correct in a subset of the cases, is conceptually incomplete and unable to account for the fact that election fraud is often utilized extensively in situations where it cannot reasonably hope to further enhance the cheater’s winning chances.
Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections: Theory, Practice, and Implications (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions) by Alberto Simpser