By Chang-jun Liu, Richard G. Mallinson, Michele Aresta
Designed to offer a simple realizing of patents and the patent approach. comprises old heritage and a comparability of patents, logos, copyrights, and alternate secrets and techniques. Describes a number of sorts of patents and the standards deciding on patentability. provides techniques for list maintaining for study info and inventive ideas, and explains getting ready, submitting, prosecuting, and utilizing patents.
summary: Designed to offer a uncomplicated figuring out of patents and the patent process. contains old historical past and a comparability of patents, logos, copyrights, and alternate secrets and techniques. Describes a number of varieties of patents and the standards making a choice on patentability. supplies strategies for checklist holding for learn information and inventive strategies, and explains getting ready, submitting, prosecuting, and utilizing patents
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Additional info for Utilization of Greenhouse Gases
The comparison of two synthetic procedures must take into account: reagents used, yield and selectivity of the reaction, nature of the by-products and their potential use as secondary raw materials, amount and quality of waste produced, amount and quality of solvent used, technologies for waste solvents/residues treatment, energy used during the various phases of the reaction and for the separation/purification of the products (18). This means that the exact evaluation of the advantages produced by a synthetic procedure based on carbon dioxide can be quantified only after the Life Cycle Assessment methodology has been applied to the old and innovative technology and their environmental, energetic, and economic aspects are evaluated (19).
Based on both the previous work and this study, a more efficient and complete flue gas desulfurization (FGD) process can be proposed, as shown in Figure 2. The key steps in the proposed process are the enrichment of S 0 and the subsequent reduction of S 0 to S. The reactions can be described schematically as follows: Na C0 /BIOM + S 0 Na S0 /BIOM + C 0 Ο Η Ο + 6 S 0 - » 6S + 6 C 0 + 5 H 0 It can be seen that in the above reactions S 0 is first enriched by the B I O M system and then selectively reduced to elemental S by B I O M under oxygen-free conditions.
M . Aresta et al. Inorg. Chem. 24, 1977, L49. 17. , J. Organometal. Chem. 1976, 116, C10. 18. , Energy&Fuels, 2001, 15, 2, 269273. 19. , Dibenedetto A . and Narracci, M. , A C S Symposium Series, 2002 in press. 20. CO2conversion and Utilization, C. , Gaffiiey, and K . 55-70. 21. , Tascedda P. 1CCDUW, September, 7-11, 1997, 38. 22. Behr, A . Chem. , 1984, 272, 29. 23. , Quaranta, E . , Tommasi, I. New J. , 1994,18,133 24. Dinjus, E . et al. ICCDU1V, September, 7-11,1997. 25. Leitner, J. J. Chem.
Utilization of Greenhouse Gases by Chang-jun Liu, Richard G. Mallinson, Michele Aresta