By Enzo Silvestri, Alessandro Muda, Davide Orlandi
The publication presents a finished description of the elemental ultrasound rules, basic anatomy of the reduce limb muscle mass and class of muscle pressure accidents. Ultrasound photos are coupled with anatomical schemes explaining probe positioning and scanning strategy for a number of the muscle mass of the thigh and leg. for every muscle, a short clarification of standard anatomy is usually supplied, including a listing of methods and information and recommendation on the right way to practice the ultrasound experiment in medical perform. This e-book is a wonderful functional educating consultant for newcomers and an invaluable reference for more matured sonographers.
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Additional info for Ultrasound Anatomy of Lower Limb Muscles: A Practical Guide
Com SA E. M. it Fig. 1 Anatomical scheme of tensor fasciae latae (TFL) and sartorius (SA) muscles E. 1007/978-3-319-09480-9_7, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 41 D. Orlandi et al. 42 The sartorius lies superficially to vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis and adductor longus muscles, and in its entire course, the muscle is covered by a duplication of the fascia lata. The sartorius muscle innervation is supplied by the superficial branch of the femoral nerve, which is responsible for both sensory and motor components.
In eccentric muscle actions, when muscle tension increases suddenly, the damage may occur in the area beneath the epimysium and the site of muscle attachment to the periosteum. In fascial injuries, common in the medial calf and biceps femoris, differential contractions of adjacent muscle bellies may produce aponeurotic distraction injuries. Hamstring strain muscle injuries, the most widely studied, typically occur in the region of the MTJ, a transition zone organized in a system of highly folded membranes, designed to increase the junctional surface area and dissipate energy (Fig.
44 a b c TFL SA Fig. 5 (a) Anatomical scheme of tensor fasciae latae (TFL) and sartorius (SA) muscles. (b) US probe path to explore SA muscle from proximal to distal insertion; a (c) US axial scans demonstrate SA muscle belly at different level of the thigh (A–H) b Fig. 6 (a) Probe position to explore the myotendinous junction on axial plane. (b) US axial scan of myotendinous junction of sartorius muscle (*) 7 Sartorius and Tensor Fasciae Latae 45 b a Fig. 7 (a) US probe position to explore the myotendinous junction on longitudinal plane.
Ultrasound Anatomy of Lower Limb Muscles: A Practical Guide by Enzo Silvestri, Alessandro Muda, Davide Orlandi