By Charles R. Lister
The eruption of the anti-Assad revolution in Syria has had many unintentional results, between that is the chance it provided Sunni jihadists to set up a foothold within the center of the center East. That Syria's ongoing civil conflict is so brutal and chronic has purely compounded the location, as have advancements in Iraq and Lebanon. Ranging around the battlefields and foreign borders were dozens of jihadi Islamist struggling with teams, of which a few coalesced into major factions equivalent to Jabhat al Nusra and the Islamic kingdom.
This publication assesses and explains the emergence considering 2011 of Sunni jihadist enterprises in Syria's fledgling insurgency, charts their evolution and situates them in the worldwide Islamist undertaking. unparalleled numbers of overseas warring parties have joined such teams, who will in all likelihood proceed to host them. hence, exterior elements of their emergence are scrutinized, together with the strategic and tactical classes discovered from different jihadist clash zones and the complicated interaction among Al-Qaeda and the Islamic kingdom and the way it has stimulated the jihadist sphere in Syria. Tensions among and clash inside of such teams additionally characteristic during this quintessential volume.
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Additional info for The Syrian Jihad: Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Evolution of an Insurgency
A great deal of this population movement was undertaken by agricultural workers, for whom farming had simply become no longer financially viable. 10 The north-eastern governorates of al-Hasakah, al-Raqqa, and Deir ez Zour saw the most dramatic population shifts, with many people moving much further south, to suburbs around Damascus and also to the cities of Homs and Deraa. 11 â•… The development of a number of sprawling, poverty-stricken suburbs comprising large numbers of financially frustrated and largely unemployed or underemployed citizens around Syria’s urban centres was of significant consequence for the country’s socio-political future.
But what was equally clear was that any process of at least partial integration into the international economic system was going to be a slow one. After all, Syria was widely regarded—rightfully so—as a thoroughly active member of the Iran-led axis; something that would become increasingly clear in the mid-2000s when senior elements within the Syrian government and security apparatus would actively facilitate the movement of jihadist recruits across the Syrian border into Iraq, where they contributed towards the escalating al-Qaeda-led insurgency against the US-led coalition.
19 With the exception of reconnaissance patrols by British and American special operations forces, foreign fighters were free to cross almost at will. While a US special operations taskforce did launch a cross-border raid 40 kilometres into Syrian territory in order to target a convoy of suspected senior Iraqi Baathists on 18 June 2003, this was very much the exception rather than the norm. In fact, it was the only pubÂ€ 36 SYRIA’S FLIRTATION WITH JIHADISM licly acknowledged cross-border operation by coalition forces until late October 2008.
The Syrian Jihad: Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Evolution of an Insurgency by Charles R. Lister