By The Japan Environmental Council, Takehisa Awaji, Shunichi Teranishi
In December 1977 we released the 1st during this sequence of NGO-oriented stories on Asia's surroundings, Ajia Kankyo Hakusho 1997/98. This was once released in English through Springer-Verlag because the nation o/the setting in Asia 1999/2000. even supposing just a couple of years have handed seeing that then, Asia has noticeable tumultuous adjustments within the political, fiscal, social, environmental, and different domain names, in addition to a few prominerit tendencies that may be considered as harbingers of the recent century. China, for example, may henceforth decisively impact the evolution of environmental difficulties not just in Asia, yet around the complete globe. but chinese language crisis for and tasks on toxins and environmental harm have elevated extra quick than might have been expected quite a few years in the past. And on Taiwan, the place a Democratic revolutionary get together president was once elected over the long-ruling Nationalist occasion, an lawyer who has cooperated with our pollutants surveys for a decade, Hsieh Chang-ting, turned mayor of Taiwan's biggest heavy and chemical urban of Kaohsiung, the place he has began a "Green Revolution. " at the Ko rean Peninsula, which has for a few years continued the department of its humans, in addition to political and armed forces tensions, there are the beginnings of a brand new North-South conversation. those alterations are all welcome to these folks who desire to see new advances in environmental cooperation all through Asia.
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Additional resources for The State of the Environment in Asia: 2002/2003
While common sense of course dictates that a plan with problems should be revised, the normal course of action would be to determine why a plan bound to fail was formulated in the first place, and to take measures that include getting rid of the people who formulated it. A system should also perhaps be set up to make sure that such a thing never occurs again. Nuclear power policy is decided by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA), and, for all practical purposes, by the Atomic Energy Commission and the Nuclear Safety Commission un- 22 der the STA.
Since the 1970s oil shocks, securing energy supplies has been the main focus of governments' energy policies, while during the last 20 years the emphasis of environmental policy has been the development and deployment of end-of-pipe solutions such as technologies for removing pollutants. In other words, energy and environmental policies have been seen as separate, but they must be integrated for the purpose bf actively pursuing efficient energy use and introducing renewables. That Energy Policies and Choices Put to the Test 21 will in tum necessitate building energy policy into environmental policy, and designing institutions that will bring that about.
Asia's development plans are all the more arresting because outside of France, there is not a single plant under construction or planned in North America or western Europe. Also, most planned nuclear power development is in Northeast Asia: Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and China. While the world as a whole is moving away from nuclear, the major energy consumers of Northeast Asia intend to continue developing nuclear power. In 1998 South Korea set up its Fourth Long-Term Electricity Supply and Demand Plan, which calls for building five pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and one CANDU reactor by 2006, giving the country 20 reactors with a generating capacity of 17,716 MW.
The State of the Environment in Asia: 2002/2003 by The Japan Environmental Council, Takehisa Awaji, Shunichi Teranishi