Download e-book for kindle: The populist paradox: interest group influence and the by Elisabeth R. Gerber

By Elisabeth R. Gerber

ISBN-10: 0691002665

ISBN-13: 9780691002668

ISBN-10: 0691002673

ISBN-13: 9780691002675

ISBN-10: 1400811724

ISBN-13: 9781400811724

Do small yet prosperous curiosity teams impact referendums, poll tasks, and other kinds of direct laws on the rate of the wider public curiosity? Many observers argue that they do, frequently lamenting that direct laws has, ironically, been captured by way of the exact same filthy rich pursuits whose strength it was once designed to decrease. Elisabeth Gerber, although, demanding situations that argument. during this first systematic learn of ways funds and curiosity team strength really impact direct laws, she finds that enormous spending doesn't unavoidably suggest tremendous influence.

Gerber bases her findings on wide surveys of the actions and motivations of curiosity teams and on shut exam of crusade finance documents from 168 direct laws campaigns in 8 states. Her learn confirms what such prosperous pursuits because the assurance undefined, trial attorney institutions, and tobacco businesses have discovered via defeats on the poll field: if voters don't like a proposed new legislation, even a pricey, high-profile crusade won't cause them to switch their brain. She demonstrates, notwithstanding, that those financial curiosity teams have massive good fortune in utilizing direct laws to dam tasks that others are providing and to exert strain on politicians. in contrast, citizen curiosity teams with broad-based aid and demanding organizational assets have confirmed to be tremendous potent in utilizing direct laws to go new legislation. essentially written and argued, this can be a significant theoretical and empirical contribution to our figuring out of the function of electorate and arranged pursuits within the American legislative technique.

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Extra info for The populist paradox: interest group influence and the promise of direct legislation

Sample text

Direct modifying influence occurs whenever a ballot measure passes. 1 Forms of Influence Form of Influence Modifying Preserving Direct Pass direct initiative or submitted referendum Block initiative or submitted referendum Indirect Pass indirect initiative Support initiative or submitted referendum Oppose initiative or submitted referendum Pass popular referendum taxation, and term limits. In each case, groups that expended resources to promote the measures were successful in achieving direct modifying influence.

In this case, the Interest Group may be able to make a credible threat to the Legislature and force the Legislature to pass a law that it prefers. Of course, the alignment of preferences is not the only factor that allows real-world interest groups to appear credible to real-world legislators. There is also the matter of getting a measure onto the ballot and running a successful campaign. Even if an interest group advocates a policy with broad public support, a legislator has no incentive to accede to the interest group’s demands if he or she doubts that the group can actually qualify and pass the initiative.

As in the previous versions of the model, the Interest Group’s ability to pressure the Legislature depends in part on the configuration of player ideal points. 4. In this example, the Interest Group and the Voter have similar policy preferences, 15 If the Interest Group’s preferences are closely aligned with the Legislature’s, one might ask why the group would choose to pressure the Legislature with an initiative instead of a more traditional lobbying strategy. On the one hand, signaling via an initiative campaign may be noisier than directly approaching legislators.

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The populist paradox: interest group influence and the promise of direct legislation by Elisabeth R. Gerber

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