By Amy Nunn
The Politics and background of AIDS remedy in Brazil
Amy Nunn, heart for AIDS study, Brown college scientific institution, Providence
In 1992, the area financial institution warned that Brazil could face huge, immense demanding situations confronting the AIDS main issue, and forecast that Brazil might have 1.2 million humans dwelling with HIV by way of the 12 months 2000. this present day, AIDS incidence in Brazil is nearly 660,000, and Brazil is domestic to the oldest and one of many greatest public AIDS remedy courses within the constructing international. difficult the traditional knowledge that AIDS remedy used to be infeasible in constructing nations, Brazil has halved AIDS-related deaths and dramatically diminished AIDS-related morbidity. at the present time, Brazil’s AIDS application is taken into account an international model.
The first booklet to relate Brazil’s complicated and encouraging historical past, The Politics and background of AIDS remedy in Brazil lines improvement of Brazil’s AIDS remedy rules in the course of the country’s tumultuous route to democracy as its govt redefined entry to healthiness care as a easy correct. Meticulously researched, and drawing on dozens of interviews with politicians, activists, humans dwelling with HIV/AIDS, pharmaceutical executives and future health care companies, this profound quantity explains the major function of Brazil in elevating international AIDS awareness. The Politics and background of AIDS therapy in Brazil additionally explores the worldwide implications of Brazil’s application and identifies the demanding situations forward for addressing HIV/AIDS within the constructing global.
In transparent, obtainable aspect, The Politics and background of AIDS remedy in Brazil examines:
- Brazil’s lengthy heritage of AIDS remedy within the context of revolutionary social movements.
- The coalition-building among politicians, activists and govt businesses in constructing the country’s nationwide AIDS software.
- The function of the administrative, legislative and judicial branches of presidency in selling entry to medicines for AIDS therapy in Brazil.
- The government’s arguable judgements to supply familiar AIDS medicinal drugs and problem multinational pharmaceutical businesses concerning AIDS drug prices.
- Brazil’s ongoing efforts to advertise international entry to AIDS therapy and the country’s contributions to overseas well-being, human rights, and exchange legislation relating to entry to drugs.
- The impression of the Brazilian event on worldwide AIDS drug costs and worldwide AIDS remedy policy.
The Politics and historical past of AIDS therapy in Brazil includes helpful classes for readers throughout disciplines, quite researchers and practitioners in well-being coverage, international future health, HIV/AIDS, political technological know-how, and Latin American studies.
"This is an outstanding educational paintings, person who merits to be greatly learn, and that during my opinion will turn out to be thought of the prime historic learn at the social and coverage reaction to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil – and one of many significant coverage reviews at the reaction to the AIDS epidemic anyplace within the world."
Richard Parker, Mailman college of Public health and wellbeing, Columbia University
With foreword by way of former Brazilian President Fernando Cardoso.
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Additional info for The Politics and History of AIDS Treatment in Brazil
São Paulo, the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic, began treating large numbers of AIDS patients in the early 1990s, prior to the 1996 law guaranteeing free and universal access to treatment and Brazil’s major treatment scaleup. This suggests that AIDS mortality decline in Brazil likely stems from AIDS treatment, but may have preceded the 1996 law guaranteeing nationwide free and universal access to treatment. Brazil’s universal access strategies proved highly effective in lowering the cost of AIDS treatment in Brazil .
In São Paulo, a small office within the state Health Ministry partnered with nongovernment organizations to try to reduce stigma and discrimination associated with AIDS. Since then, state and federal AIDS agencies have partnered with civil society for HIV/AIDS prevention and advocacy programs. The NAP’s commitment to human rights in HIV/AIDS programs is another important historical legacy of São Paulo’s first AIDS program. Rights-based health programs often include nondiscrimination, civil society participation and accountability measures in program design .
Rather than outline broad democratic rules of governance and delineate the role of local, state, and federal governments in the new federal republic, the Constitution that the Assembly drafted more closely resembles a lengthy piece of legislation catering to special interests than a new democratic charter. The 1988 Constitution outlawed the military regime, but its 250 articles include numerous, very specific issues generally not included in founding state charters. For example, the text includes highly specific articles related to regulating the blood supply, public drug production, sports, urban planning, and agricultural policy – issues usually reserved for specific laws and public policies.
The Politics and History of AIDS Treatment in Brazil by Amy Nunn