By Rebecca J. Sweetman
This publication examines the wealthy corpus of mosaics created in Crete throughout the Roman and overdue vintage eras. It presents crucial info at the sort, iconography, and chronology of the cloth, in addition to dialogue of the craftspeople who created them and the applied sciences they used. The contextualized mosaic facts additionally unearths a brand new figuring out of Roman and past due vintage Crete. It is helping make clear the approaches in which Crete grew to become a part of the Roman Empire, its next Christianization, and the pivotal function the island performed within the Mediterranean community of societies in the course of those classes. This publication presents an unique method of the learn of mosaics and an leading edge approach to featuring a diachronic view of provincial Cretan society.
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Additional resources for The Mosaics of Roman Crete: Art, Archaeology and Social Change
78 Moreover, the disproportionally high levels of imports (including luxury items) for an agricultural economy indicate that the island must have generated some considerable income from an external source. One of the key results of this study is to show how Crete was able to generate an income surplus through its role as a trade facilitator. The nature and extent of farming in Roman Crete is, however, unclear; if large-scale farms were in operation, they must have been confined to the plains. Raab’s study of the Akrotiri Peninsula79 suggests that, unlike in much of the rest of Crete, agricultural estate practices revolving around a central villa residence did occur in this area.
26 Three Hellenistic mosaics are certainly known (66, 76, 142)27 and two possible examples (67, 77–9). 30 Westgate’s discussion of the evidence of domestic architecture from Classical and Hellenistic Crete highlights the diversity and uniqueness of the style rather than the old view of residences inferior to those in the rest of Greece. 34 Regarding the historical source explanations for Rome’s intervention, it is fair to say that Crete prospered by its inclusion in the empire. 35 The main attraction of Crete for Rome is likely to have been its location and as such its potential as an economic resource.
Areas such as Knossos (Fig. 59 The free-standing barrel-vaulted tombs which dominate the slopes of Lissos (Fig. 11) are found only on the south coast of the island. These types appear in the Isola Sacra cemetery in Ostia, and they are also found in Cilicia. It is not possible to link them with a specific population group,60 but their presence on the south coast may be indicative of the early contact that the south had with the West (and possibly with the East) through trade routes. More recent work at the Lissos cemetery has focused on classifying the tombs.
The Mosaics of Roman Crete: Art, Archaeology and Social Change by Rebecca J. Sweetman