By Stephen Turnbull
From his seat in Xanadu, the good Mongol Emperor of China, Kubla Khan, had lengthy plotted an invasion of Japan. despite the fact that, it used to be purely with the purchase of Korea, that the Khan received the maritime assets important for the sort of significant amphibious operation. Written via professional Stephen Turnbull, this publication tells the tale of the 2 Mongol invasions of Japan opposed to the noble Samurai. utilizing unique maps, illustrations, and newly commissioned paintings, Turnbull charts the background of those nice campaigns, which incorporated a number of bloody raids at the eastern islands, and ended with the well-known kami kaze, the divine wind, that destroyed the Mongol fleet and might stay within the eastern attention and form their army considering for hundreds of years to return.
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Extra resources for The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281
The Mongols occupy Shiga and Noki islands, where they are subjected to attacks from the Japanese. ‘Little ship’ raids occur in the bay. 5. 30 June: the Eastern Route Army withdraws to Iki. 6. Late July/early August: the Southern Route Army arrives from China and combines with the Eastern Route Army in the vicinity of Hirado. 7. 12 August: Battle of Takashima takes place. 8. 13/14 August: the kamikaze ‘divine wind’ destroys the Mongol fleet in Imari Bay. KOREA 1 Geoje Island Tsushima NAGATO 2 3 HONSHU 4 Iki 5 JAPAN Hakata 6 N Takashima 7 8 KYUSHU Hirado MATSUURA 10 0 0 10 20 20 30 30 miles 40km their parents – a serious matter in contemporary China – were to join in the fighting after 50 days.
Yet in spite of the new resources now available to the Khan, Korea was again to bear a considerable burden. The Japanese appear to have placed nearly all their reliance on the defensive wall round Hakata Bay. Tsushima and Iki were to be abandoned to their fate. ORDERS OF BATTLE Six hundred warships were ordered from southern China, in addition to 900 from Korea. The supposed numbers of troops were 40,000 on the eastern route from Korea and 100,000 Southern Chinese. Both numbers are almost certainly a considerable exaggeration, but the addition of the Southern Song 56 The defences of Hakata Bay, 1281 Stone wall 1 0 0 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 miles 5km Genkai Island Shiga Noko Island S Hakozaki Imazu Hakata N Momojibara forces must have resulted in an army at least three times the size of the multitude of 1274.
Yet on his way to meet the Mongols with his five companions Suenaga met Kikuchi Takefusa who told him that the Mongol ‘pirates’ had already fled. In fact two of Takefusa’s footsoldiers were making their way back to the Japanese camp, and each was carrying a Mongol head impaled upon his naginata or sword. If the Mongols were in retreat and heads had already been taken there was clearly no time to wait, so Suenaga hurried on in pursuit to find that matters were much as Takefusa had reported. The particular Mongol detachment that Kikuchi Takefusa had encountered had withdrawn in two separate groups.
The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281 by Stephen Turnbull