By Edward Craig
What's the connection among philosophy as studied in universities and people common perspectives of guy and fact that are generally thought of "philosophy"? via his try to rediscover this connection, Craig bargains a view of philosophy and its background because the early seventeenth century. Craig discusses the 2 opposite visions of man's crucial nature that ruled this period--one portraying guy as made within the snapshot of God and required to resemble him as heavily as attainable, the opposite depicting guy because the self reliant author of his personal surroundings and values--and makes use of this context to elucidate formerly opaque textual element. Illustrating how normal strategies embodied via philosophical notion may be embodied in different media--especially literary--the writer brings jointly disparate disciplines; he additionally unearths amazing similarities among Anglo-American and likely 20th-century continental eu traces of notion.
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Extra resources for The Mind of God and the Works of Man
Simplicio is unhappy about the reply he has received; perhaps he did not expect Salviato to go quite so far in his praise for the understanding of man as to make a direct equation with aspects of the cognitive powers of the deity. Is this not ‘very bold and daring’? Salviato ﬁrst makes to defend himself and then, like a man who knows very well that he is at the edge of the tolerable, turns conciliatory: even if the little knowledge we have within the mathematical sciences is the same kind of knowledge as that which God has, it remains that the way in which God comes to this knowledge is ‘exceedingly more excellent than ours’.
We shall meet many more such cases. A third theme that will reappear can be observed in Galileo's writings. When, as in the passage we have just been looking at, man is compared to God in point of his ability to acquire a certain type of knowledge, the thought very naturally follows that its acquisition is itself a moral value, something that we have an obligation to pursue. In doing so we ourselves approach more nearly to perfection; for since it is such items of knowledge that, amongst other things, compose the mind of God, it follows that in acquiring them we approach more nearly the divine state, the summit of all good.
Intelligible Causes When some metaphysical vision becomes the dominant philosophy of an epoch, as did the Image of God doctrine in the seventeenth century, it can easily happen that certain other views or principles acquire impetus by virtue of their connection with it. One such was the principle that there must be similarity between effects and their causes. It had almost axiomatic status for seventeenth-century thought, a circumstance which has turned many commentators either perplexed or dismissive, according to temperament.
The Mind of God and the Works of Man by Edward Craig