By Jaakko Hameen-Anttila
This can be the 1st research in any language of the non secular, philosophical and folkloristic content material of Ibn Wa?shiyya's (d. 931) Nabatean Agriculture. This enigmatic publication, stated to were translated through Ibn Wa?shiyya from Syriac into Arabic, includes a lot fabric on overdue vintage Paganism in Iraq and semi-learned reception of Greek philosophical notion. the 1st a part of the current publication reports the query of authenticity, authorship and context of the Nabatean Agriculture, dated through the writer to round six hundred advert. the second one half involves sixty one translated and annotated excerpts of the Nabatean Agriculture, before on hand basically within the Arabic unique, in addition to introductions to the area view of the textual content.
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90 This term has little to do with the Nabateans of Petra. The Nabateans of the Islamic texts refer to the local, mainly rural, population of 86 See Murùj §§517, 520, etc. For al-Mas'ùdì’s views on the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, see also Shboul (1979): 120–121. 87 Al-Mas'ùdì states that it is called in Chaldaean, that is to say Syriac, Khunìrath, actually referring to the Iranian Khvaniratha. e. Bel); for this, see also Ibn al-Faqìh, Nußùß, p. 53. The climes are also attributed to the seven kawàkib (Tanbìh, pp.
Although there is no way to exclude this possibility, I still incline towards the earlier solution, viz. 47 This would date the compilation of the Syriac original of the Nabatean Agriculture just before the Islamic conquest or at the beginning of the Islamic period. Even a very late date, more or less coinciding with the beginning of the translation movement in late 8th or early 9th century, cannot be ruled out, a period when Greek works were again being translated into Syriac, most often, but not necessarily always, under the auspices of the new rulers.
In the Jazìra, in the city which has many springs (bi"l-madìna dhàt al-'uyùn al-kathìra). —For the city, see also Yàqùt, Mu'jam III:13–14. For Sergius, see GAS IV: 78, 106–107, 164 and 316; Ullmann (1972): 431; Peters (1968): 58 (with further references). 75 The textual history of the Nabatean Agriculture may roughly be summarized as follows: 1. Free paraphrases of passages known from Graeco-Roman agricultural works. 2. Translation into Syriac either by several authors or by a single author (Qùthàmà), probably in the sixth century or soon after.
The Last Pagans of Iraq: Ibn Wahshiyya And His Nabatean Agriculture (Islamic History and Civilization) by Jaakko Hameen-Anttila