Download e-book for iPad: The Great Wall of China 221 BC - AD 1644 by Stephen Turnbull

By Stephen Turnbull

ISBN-10: 1846030048

ISBN-13: 9781846030048

The nice Wall of China 221 BC - advert 1644 КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ the nice Wall of China 221 BC - advert 1644 (Fortress 57)ByStephen Turnbull, Steve NoonPublisher:Os Publishing2007 96PagesISBN: 1846030048PDF14 MBThe such a lot wide and well-known instance of fortification on the earth, the nice Wall of China stretches for greater than 4,000 miles throughout inhospitable terrain. Charting its improvement from building within the seventh century BC via to the current day, this account unearths the real background of the wall, and explores the myths that encompass it. incorporated are information of what it was once wish to stay in the wall, the information in the back of the protective platforms, the way it was once garrisoned and patrolled, and a dialogue of the way potent it was once opposed to assault. via large exam of either historic and glossy resources, colour maps, art and images, this booklet illustrates why the wall is among the nice wonders of the world.oronsharingmatrix zero

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Spears, halberds and swords were the main edged weapons with which to repel a raiding party, while stones could be dropped from the ajX'rtures along the parapet. The zhang qiol/g (transverse walls) provided a useful series of defensive barriers if an cnemy gained access to the walkway, and evcn if some towers might be lost, the strongest towers with their retractable rope ladders would proVide a formidable barrier until reinforcements arrived. elaborate variation on the rope ladder, although one apparently used only in the detached towers, was a wooden platform on which one man could stand, fastened by two long ropes to two winches which would be wound up to take him to safety.

On top of the acrual gatehouses are some very imposing three-storey towers.. The western gate has an additional line of defence in the shape of the outer wall. The commander's headquarters lie within the main courtyard. Y_ mow IUGHT A view of IDe Simat

One of the mo~t valuable funttions of the towers on the Great Wall was signalling. Fire would be used by nighL Black ~moke. ,,------- Artillery on the Great Wall Various forms of cannon were mounted on Ihe Ming Great Wall. The Mongols, it was said, were afraid of 'magical guns'a somewhat optimi5tic statement in vl('\\' of the Yuan dynasty's enthusiastic adoption of firearms. The Yuan were in fact the first rulers in the history of the world to make use of mctalbarrelled cannon, which appeared in Chinese sieges decades before similar weapons were being employed in Europe.

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The Great Wall of China 221 BC - AD 1644 by Stephen Turnbull


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