By Stephen Mosley
Overlaying the final years of worldwide historical past, the surroundings in global historical past examines the tactics that experience remodeled the Earth and positioned turning out to be strain on ordinary assets. Chapters and case reviews discover a variety of concerns, together with: the searching of natural world and the lack of biodiversity in approximately all the pieces of the globe the clearing of the world’s forests and the advance of concepts to halt their decline the degradation of soils, some of the most profound and overlooked ways in which people have altered the planet the effect of urban-industrial progress and the deepening ‘ecological footprints’ of the world’s towns the pollutants of air, land and water because the ‘inevitable’ trade-off for persisted fiscal development all over the world. the surroundings in global background deals a clean environmental point of view on everyday international heritage narratives of imperialism and colonialism, alternate and trade, and technological development and the development of civilisation, and may be important studying for all scholars of global background and environmental experiences.
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Extra info for The Environment in World History (Themes in World History)
360 BCE), for example, Plato drew attention to the deforestation of Attica for essential wood supplies. Where once there had been ‘an abundance of wood in the mountains’, he lamented that only ‘the mere skeleton of the land’ remained. The patterns of resource use ﬁrst described by Plato and other classical writers brought lasting change to the Mediterranean landscape, and they would persist until the industrial era. 1 below. 1 Estimated forest clearances (Â 000 km2) Region or Country Pre-1650 1650–1749 1750–1849 1850–1978 Total North America Central America Latin America Oceania USSR Europe Asia Africa Grand Total 6 18 18 6 70 204 974 226 1,522 80 30 100 6 180 66 216 80 758 380 40 170 6 270 186 606 42 1,700 641 200 637 362 575 81 1,220 469 4,185 1,107 288 925 380 1,095 537 3,016 817 8,165 Source: adapted from Michael Williams, ‘Forests’ in B.
University of California, 2006). Edward O. Wilson, The Diversity of Life (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2001). Eric R. : University of California, 1997). Chapter 3 Forests and forestry The clearing of the world’s forests is perhaps the most dramatic transformation of the earth’s land surface by humankind. About 8,000 years ago forests covered almost half of the planet, a total area of more than 6 billion hectares. Since this time, the world’s forests have reduced in size somewhere between 15 to 45 per cent.
Such religious values did not save forests, except for a few isolated stands of trees left untouched near shrines or other sacred places. Indeed, according to Conrad Totman, the construction of monumental Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines heavily depleted Japan’s forests. Forest conservation on a global scale had its origins in European management regimes, complicating the notion that Western attitudes towards nature were fundamentally more hostile than others.
The Environment in World History (Themes in World History) by Stephen Mosley