By Charles Stephenson
Following the autumn of France and the quit of Paris on 14 June 1940, the British executive introduced that the Channel Islands had no strategic significance and wouldn't be defended. The Germans occupied the islands from the tip of June onwards and remained up to the mark until eventually the top of the struggle. On 10 October 1941 Hitler introduced his purpose to 'convert them into an impregnable fortress', and the islands shaped the main seriously fortified and defended component to the complete Atlantic Wall. This publication describes the layout, building and manning of those protecting positions, in addition to contemplating extra broadly the profession of the Channel Islands via the Germans.
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Extra resources for The Channel Islands 1941-45
He concludes that, whilst landowning men of leisure 26 Ancient Greek warfare did make up some of the hoplite force, many of the soldiers were working-class farmers. The significance of this is that whilst the wealthy landowner could afford the entire panoply of bronze armour, many of the hoplites would simply wear a cloth cuirass and felt pilos. In fact, in terms of uniform and equipment it appears that a hoplite force would not have presented a homogeneous group. 14 As noted, over time the hoplite became an increasingly lighter form of infantry.
The phalanx would sometimes advance at the double as it came within range of the enemy’s missile forces. Of course, unless well disciplined and well trained, this increase in pace could well reduce the cohesion of the formation. However, as the two phalanxes closed 30 Ancient Greek warfare with each other they would normally reduce their pace back to a walk. 37 It is at the point of contact that there exists some confusion over how the hoplites initially engaged one another. The confusion concerns whether the initial blows were delivered with the spear held in an underarm or overarm position.
The confusion concerns whether the initial blows were delivered with the spear held in an underarm or overarm position. 38 This fits the recorded evidence of the injuries hoplites suffered, and also reflects images depicted on a number of contemporary vases. However, if this were the case one has to ask the question: if combat involves stabbing down at an opponent, why advance with the spear in underarm fashion? The answer to the above dilemma may be that the front rank used their spears in an overhand fashion to stab down at their opponents, whilst the next two or three ranks created the shock collision with spears held underarm.
The Channel Islands 1941-45 by Charles Stephenson