By Peter Krentz
How did the city-state of Athens defeat the invaders from Persia, the 1st global empire, at the simple of Marathon in 490 BCE? smart students skeptical of our earliest surviving resource, Herodotus, have produced one creative idea after one other. during this stimulating new ebook, absolute to impress controversy, Peter Krentz argues that Herodotus was once correct after all.
Beginning his research with the Athenians’ first formal contact with the Persians in 507 BCE, Krentz weaves jointly old facts with tourists’ descriptions, archaeological discoveries, geological surveys, and the studies of contemporary reenactors and squaddies to inform his story.
Krentz argues that sooner than Marathon the Athenian military fought in a miles much less equipped manner than the traditional view of the hoplite phalanx indicates: as an irregularly armed mob instead of a disciplined formation of identically outfitted infantry. At Marathon the Athenians outfitted all their combatants, together with archers and horsemen, as hoplites for the 1st time. simply because their gear weighed merely part up to is mostly proposal, the Athenians and their Plataean allies may cost virtually a mile at a run, as Herodotus says they did. Krentz improves in this account in Herodotus through exhibiting why the Athenians desired to do one of these dicy factor.
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Additional info for The Battle of Marathon
The modern method,” he wrote, “is so often to accept as sound any element in the later stuff which suits a particular theory . . ” This one is not really an Aid in the same sense the other four are. Instead, it cuts to the heart of a fundamental methodological issue. What is the proper use of the literary sources themselves? 13 The use of this method stems from an overall dissatisfaction with Herodotus’ account. I will not waste time on the hypercritics who think Herodotus is the Father of Lies rather than the Father of History.
It took two tries—Hippias managed to drive off the ﬁrst invasion that came by sea—but Spartan soldiers under the leadership of Kleomenes penned up the Peisistratids on the Acropolis, caught their children trying to sneak out of Attica, and forced them all to agree to leave Attica in order to get back their children unharmed. Hippias went to an Athenian colony ruled by his half-brother on the Asian side of the entrance to the Hellespont. The Spartans’ attempt at regime change did not turn out as they anticipated.
All free adult male citizens could speak and vote in the assembly. 2 Whether that was Kleisthenes’ intent, at least at ﬁrst, is not clear. He has always remained a rather shadowy ﬁgure. His father had been a major player in his day, prominent enough to marry the daughter of the tyrant athens’ alliance with darius 21 of Sicyon, after whom Kleisthenes was named. Kleisthenes’ sister married Peisistratos, though the marriage did not last. Kleisthenes himself held the archonship in 525/4, before going into exile.
The Battle of Marathon by Peter Krentz