By H. Schmeets
On thirteen and 14 September 1997, municipal elections happened in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This publication widely covers the findings of the 363 overseas observers on either polling days. have been the elections `free and fair'? What did the observers list concerning the conditions, tactics and safety measurements on the polling stations? Which events saw the elections, and why? How did the election strategy and the vote count number evaluate to the 1996 elections?
This booklet offers a local profile and descriptions particular difficulties within the a variety of varieties of polling stations. The commentary method and layout of the statement experiences are mentioned. ultimately, ideas are made for the impending 1998 election observations, and destiny missions. The e-book might be of curiosity to scholars, students and others operating within the fields of commentary and research of elections, ethnic conflicts within the Balkans, and the position of overseas businesses in democratisation and peace processes.
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Extra info for The 1997 Municipal Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Analysis of the Observations
Elderly are losing consciousness!! Extreme heat, overcrowding, and long lines. This is a major problem!! Elderly often need medical attention by the time they reach voting area". 05" 03. 12" 04 . 04. 11* 03 . 05) 60 1 4 1 2 1 8 1 3 29 1 At 7:00 on 11 September 1997 both a campaign and media silence period had to begin. According to the Campaign Rules (article 215 and 230) all registered political parties, coalitions and candidates had to abide by these rules. They were not allowed to make use of the radio, television or newspaper for a period 48 hours prior to the opening of the polls on the first day of voting.
Due to the lack of an obselVer database in order to avoid that obselVers have identical accreditation card numbers, it was not easy to calculate the number of obselVers as well as obselVer teams. On a lot of forms this number was not or improperly filled in. In order to provide the EOM with information regarding the two entities - Federation BiH and Republica Srpska - and for the different types of poIling stations separately, it was important to check and, if necessary, to amend this at once. After solving this problem, the data were inputted quickly in order to provide preliminary results on Monday, 15 th September.
In comparison, only 55 mobile stations were placed in the Federation. The mobile polling stations were located in different places on the first and second election day. This means that on Saturday and on Sunday 1,223 different polling stations (1,168 permanent plus 55 mobile) stations were established in the Federation. Likewise, 923 different stations (505 permanent plus 318 mobile) were allocated in RS. '2 There were also 143 polling stations for out-of-country voters: 79 in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and 64 in Croatia.
The 1997 Municipal Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Analysis of the Observations by H. Schmeets