Read e-book online Territory and Electoral Rules in Post-Communist Democracies PDF

By Daniel Bochsler

ISBN-10: 0230281427

ISBN-13: 9780230281424

ISBN-10: 1349320498

ISBN-13: 9781349320493

The e-book extends examine at the territorial constitution of social gathering structures (party nationalization) to twenty post-communist democracies. It explains occasion nationalisation due to ethnically orientated politics, and indicates how occasion nationalisation can bring up our figuring out of electoral structures.

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Extra info for Territory and Electoral Rules in Post-Communist Democracies

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While the social cleavage hypothesis thus does not lead to very powerful results, the critique on the electoral system school has two important shortcomings when it regards post-communist democracies in Europe. At first glance, it seems that the empirical reality in these countries confirms the criticism on electoral system studies, but two aspects show that the problem might not be salient. First, the electoral systems are made by political parties that hold a parliamentary majority, so that the relationship might be endogenous.

Usually, however, in the case of several districts, the number of parties will be higher. 26 If a parliament with S seats consists of a single countrywide district, then parliament size S is equal to district magnitude m, and the number of parties can be estimated directly as N2 ϭ 3√S. This is the upper limit. The geometrical mean of both measures amounts to N2 ϭ √ (3√m · 3√S) ϭ 6√mS. 6 Electoral systems, social cleavages and the endogeneity problem The institutional school was early confronted with the critique that electoral systems are ‘a result rather than a cause of the party system in a given country’(Grumm, 1958)27 (but see also Boix, 1999; Colomer, 2007; Rokkan, 1970).

The empirical tests in this study are based on a database covering ninety-three elections, each included as a single case. In sixty-nine of these cases, simple electoral systems were used, while twenty-four times a mixed electoral system was used, combining PR and plurality or majority vote in the same electoral contest. Mixed systems are a genuine challenge. The estimation of the overall outcome is less straightforward than in the case of simple electoral systems because the vote distribution in each of the tiers of mandate allocation of mixed systems might be contaminated by the other tier(s).

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Territory and Electoral Rules in Post-Communist Democracies by Daniel Bochsler

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