Read e-book online Syntactic Carpentry: An Emergentist Approach to Syntax PDF

By William O'Grady

ISBN-10: 0805849599

ISBN-13: 9780805849592

ISBN-10: 1410612570

ISBN-13: 9781410612571

O'Grady (linguistics, U. of Hawaii at Manoa) advances the emergenist thesis to the problems of the syntax of traditional language. He starts via studying language with out grammar, exhibiting that sentences are easily inbuilt the fastest, best demeanour attainable, utilizing the least reminiscence. He resolves a few of the matters in the processor idea via describing constitution development as a computation approach, then applies the idea to pronoun interpretation. The learn keeps with exam of the problems of keep an eye on constructions, "what, whilst, the place" questions, the actual syntax of contraction, and the method of buying language via effective processing and the training of workouts.

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3. COMBINE AND RESOLVE In the sorts of sentences considered so far in this book, the functor and its argument(s) have occurred in a continuous string, permitting resolution of dependencies without delay. Such examples make it difficult to discern that two separate operations are involved here. The first, which we have called Combine, brings two words together. By itself though, this does not resolve an argument dependency; it simply creates the conditions under which this can happen. The actual Resolve operation, whose effects we have been representing by index copying, involves matching the nominal with the corresponding argument requirement in the functor's grid.

One possibility is that sentences formed in the manner of (3) leave no role for the nominal friends. It ends up functioning as neither an argument nor a modifier; it is simply superfluous. Although this sort of anomaly is traditionally addressed via grammatical constraints that require nominals to carry a thematic role or Case, a more general solution is perhaps possible. In particular, errors like this may be detected and subsequently avoided because superfluous elements are not tolerated—they frivolously add to the burden on working memory and are thus fundamentally incompatible with the mission of the computational system, which is to minimize this burden.

42 CHAPTER 3 ii. N-self x Prag (responsibility for the pronoun's referential dependency is passed to the pragmatic system) Free variation with plain pronouns As we have just seen, a reflexive pronoun that occurs inside a picture NP can get its interpretation from a nominal inside or outside the sentence. Moreover, when the antecedent is inside the sentence, it is sometimes in a structurally higher position (as in (2a)) and sometimes not (as in (2b,c)). The existence of such a range of options can only reduce the computational advantage normally enjoyed by reflexive pronouns, which more typically occur in structures where their referential dependency can be resolved immediately and unambiguously by the computational system.

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Syntactic Carpentry: An Emergentist Approach to Syntax by William O'Grady

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