By Stephen M. Stigler
This energetic selection of essays examines in witty element the historical past of a few of the strategies desirous about bringing statistical argument "to the table," and a few of the pitfalls which were encountered. the subjects diversity from seventeenth-century drugs and the stream of blood, to the reason for the good melancholy and the impression of the California gold discoveries of 1848 upon expense degrees, to the determinations of the form of the Earth and the rate of sunshine, to the meter of Virgil's poetry and the prediction of the second one Coming of Christ. The identify essay tells how the statistician Karl Pearson got here to factor the problem to place "statistics at the desk" to the economists Marshall, Keynes, and Pigou in 1911. The 1911 dispute concerned the influence of parental alcoholism upon teenagers, however the problem is basic and undying: very important arguments require proof, and quantitative facts calls for statistical evaluate. a few essays study deep and refined statistical rules akin to the aggregation and regression paradoxes; others inform of the beginning of the typical guy and the evaluate of fingerprints as a forerunner of using DNA in forensic technology. a number of of the essays are totally nontechnical; all research statistical principles with an ironic eye for his or her essence and what their background can let us know approximately present disputes.
Read Online or Download Statistics on the table: the history of statistical concepts and methods PDF
Best statistics books
Equipment and functions of information in medical Trials, quantity 2: making plans, research, and Inferential tools contains updates of proven literature from the Wiley Encyclopedia of scientific Trials in addition to unique fabric in keeping with the newest advancements in scientific trials. ready via a number one professional, the second one quantity contains various contributions from present widespread specialists within the box of clinical learn.
In past times decade there was an explosion in computation and knowledge expertise. With it have come massive quantities of information in numerous fields corresponding to drugs, biology, finance, and advertising and marketing. The problem of figuring out those information has resulted in the advance of latest instruments within the box of facts, and spawned new components corresponding to facts mining, computing device studying, and bioinformatics.
Books in Barron's "Business evaluate sequence" are meant in general for lecture room use. They make first-class vitamins to major texts whilst integrated in college-level enterprise classes. In grownup schooling and company brush-up courses they could function major textbooks. All titles during this sequence comprise assessment questions with solutions.
A few years in the past whilst I. assembled a couple of basic articles and lectures on likelihood and records, their book (Essays in likelihood and facts, Methuen, London, 1962) got a a few what higher reception than I were resulted in count on of this kind of miscellany. i'm accordingly tempted to possibility publishing this moment assortment, the identify i've got given it (taken from the 1st lecture) seeming to me to point a coherence in my articles which my publishers may well rather be prone to question.
Additional resources for Statistics on the table: the history of statistical concepts and methods
In an experiment, the investigators select certain units for treatment. In an observational study, the investigators have no control over who or what receives the treatment. They can only observe, record, and analyze what nature chooses to show them. Because the resulting picture can be incomplete, inferring causation from observational data can be perilous. When proper care is observed, however, and particularly when a sufficient body of mutually reinforcing observational studies is available, these studies can be convincing.
In this setting, we should carefully scrutinize any experi~nt that claims to show that arrest is the best deterrent of future conflicts. And indeed, the Minnesota experiment has two potentially disturbing features. The fIrst is that the policeman on the scene decides whether the incident qualifi~s for the experiment. However precise the instructions, it is dangerous to have the fIeld-worker make the decision. The second problem does not relate to a possible bias on the part of the participants in the experiment, but to the way the effect is measured.
33 Profiu decision [reinstating capital punishment) was decided on July 2, 1976? Yes. And isn't it also true that the homicide rate in Florida has decreased another 17% in the fIrst three months of 1977 and 9% in the next three months of 1977? I don't - I presume you have them correct. Let me just say the problem with such figures is that the same radical decline ... has occurred ... where there is no death penalty. But it has declined in Florida? It has declined everywhere.... It has declined ...
Statistics on the table: the history of statistical concepts and methods by Stephen M. Stigler