By Helen Graham
This publication recovers the misplaced background of Spanish socialism throughout the turbulent years of the Civil struggle (1936-39). simply because the power of the socialist circulate had sustained the pre-war moment Republic as an scan in reform, so too it underwrote the Republican warfare attempt within the the most important years of the clash which might be sure Spain's long term destiny. best Socialist celebration (PSOE) cadres shaped the bedrock of the govt, whereas millions of get together and union militants helped endure the super weight of the warfare attempt. The position of the PSOE within the building of Republican political solidarity in the course of the Civil struggle used to be pivotal. but, sarcastically, prior bills of wartime Republican politics have nearly written the PSOE out of the script by way of concentrating completely at the fierce ideological dispute among anarchists and communists. however the key problems with revolution and nation strength marked the entire forces in Republican Spain, none extra so than the Socialist circulation. because the conventional occasion of the operating classification and the single mass occasion in Spain as past due as 1931, PSOE militants have been to be came across on either side of the revolutionary/reformist divide which break up fatally the Republican forces in the course of the Civil conflict. The PSOE's disintegration was once a functionality of that of the Republic itself; however the opposite used to be no much less actual. The publication investigates the responses of organised socialism to the complicated matters raised via the clash, because it charts the PSOE's devastating adventure of political strength and determined hindrance in a struggle it can no longer win.
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Extra resources for Socialism and War: The Spanish Socialist Party in Power and Crisis, 1936-1939
The ASM elaborated an extremely ambitious agenda which was sent out to the local socialist sections for consideration and comment. It ran the gamut of the political issues dividing the party: the events of October 1934, socialist-communist unification, socialist participation in government and the election of a new national executive. Most crucially, the left wanted a national congress as a forum in which to elect the new party executive. They very much doubted that a poll conducted among all the local socialist groups would favour their candidates, as the reformists would be controlling the procedure as returning officers.
The fact that the Caballeristas were apparently steering towards party unity boosted the enthusiasm of the FJS leadership for rapid organisational unity with the Union of Communist Youth (UJC). It was by no means certain that the pro-Caballero sector in the FJS constituted the majority by 1935-6. But in the youth organisation, as in the PSOE, the left made the most noise. As a result, by early spring 1936, the preparations for unifying the two youth organisations entered their final stages. FJS hostility to Prieto and the reformists had made the youth organisation a useful weapon for the socialist left in its strategic battle inside the PSOE.
However, his initiative was checked by both the party left and the UGT. 2 The left's majority there - the result of the February 1936 elections - condemned Prieto's proposal of a broad-based Popular Front government to defeat. As a result, on 10 May, when Azaria, sworn in as the new president, charged Prieto with the task of forming a government, the latter refused on the grounds that he could not rely on the support of the caballeristacontrolled socialist parliamentary party in the Cortes. 3 Ironically, in one crucial respect, the two wings of the party were basically in agreement over the political role the PSOE was required to fulfil.
Socialism and War: The Spanish Socialist Party in Power and Crisis, 1936-1939 by Helen Graham