By Brown, Adam Hook
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Additional resources for Scottish Baronial Castles 1250-1450
Eight miles west of Stirling, overlooking the River Teith, Doune was built between the 1360s and 1380s for Robert Stewart, second son of King Robert II. Stewart was earl of Fife and Menteith and later duke of Albany and effectively headed the royal government for most of the period from 1388 until he died in 1420. Like Bothwell and Tantallon, Doune was the fortified residence of a great noble. Like them too, the castle was superficially simple but contained a complex 40 arrangement of rooms. Its circuit of walls lacked towers on both the southwest and south-east corners.
The lands between the upper Tweed and the waters of Ettrick and Yarrow in the middle Borders had originally been a great, royal hunting forest. In the 14th century they became a private lordship of the Douglas earls. In about 1420 the earls built this substantial tower as their main residence there. encouraged them to build their tower at Smailholm. Though relatively small, this tower perched on a crag was a mark of status visible for miles around. The Pringles built a hall and kitchen block around a small courtyard, but these buildings were probably no more than those found at many manor places.
The defection of the earl made Dunbar Castle a threat to English authority in Lothian. This was already challenged by bands of local knights, based in the hills to the south or in fortified caves. To remove the threat, Edward III sent an army under the earls of Salisbury and Arundel. In January 1338 they laid siege to the coastal stronghold. Suittle NORTH SEA • Jedburgh The castles that played a key role in the Scottish Wars (1296-1357), and details of the movements of Edward I in 1303 and Robert the Bruce in 1307-08.
Scottish Baronial Castles 1250-1450 by Brown, Adam Hook