By Will Fowler
Within the 3rd of the sequence the writer examines Operation Barbarossa the German invasion of Russia in 1942 and the crusade throughout the following 12 months whilst the Axis forces renewed their offensive after the iciness.
The invasion of June 1941 was once the most important operation undertaken by means of German forces through the struggle, comprising greater than a hundred military divisions and a few 17 Panzer divisions besides 3,000 plane. dealing with those forces have been greater than one hundred fifty Russian divisions besides fifty four tank brigades. regardless of the scale of the Russian forces, that have been extended inside of six months by means of an additional three hundred divisions, the German and Axis forces swept eastwards at an exceptional expense, taking pictures greater than 3.3 million prisoners via December 1941.
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Extra resources for Russia 1941-42
Berte Mendeleeva recalled of Tankograd: "The machinists in the workshops were mainly women and even teenagers. " They worked in appalling conditions. At one tank factory, in the evening 8,000 female workers he USSR mobilised women to work in factories and even in the front line as tank crews. It was the only country to send them into action in the air. When in October 1941 Marina Raskova, a vivacious 28-year-old pilot and navigator, who had won the Gold Star of the Soviet Union for her pioneering work in 1938, proposed that women should fly and service combat aircraft, large numbers of women came to Moscow.
In t h e first, by Kesselring's Luftflotte II on July 22, 127 aircraft hit the Soviet capital. During the rest of the year there were 75 attacks, but 59 were by formations of 59 aircraft or less. Tallinin, the capital of the northern Baltic state of Estonia, fell to Army Group North on July 27 and the Germans pushed remorselessly towards the city of Peter the Great, that had been renamed Leningrad after Lenin's death. 5oz) for dependants. In an air raid on the night of September 8 the Badaev food warehouse was hit by incendiaries and burned down.
About 1,000 were selected, among them Lilya Litvak who joined the 586th Fighter Regiment. Twice wounded in action, Litvak, flying the Yak-1, became the highest scoring female fighter pilot with 12 kills and three shared victories, before she was killed in action in August 1943. Marina Raskova was promoted to Major and since she was more skilled as a navigator than a pilot, elected to lead the 587th Dive Bomber Regiment which was later given the honorific title of the 125th M . M . Raskova Borisov Guards Bomber Regiment.
Russia 1941-42 by Will Fowler