Rethinking World History: Essays on Europe, Islam and World by Marshall G. S. Hodgson PDF

By Marshall G. S. Hodgson

ISBN-10: 051162610X

ISBN-13: 9780511626104

ISBN-10: 0521432537

ISBN-13: 9780521432535

ISBN-10: 0521438446

ISBN-13: 9780521438445

Is the background of the fashionable international the historical past of Europe writ huge? Or is it attainable to situate the historical past of modernity as an international old approach except its origins in Western Europe? partially one in every of this posthumous selection of essays, Marshall G.S. Hodgson, a former professor of background on the collage of Chicago, demanding situations adherents of either Eurocentrism and multiculturalism to reconsider where of Europe in international historical past. He argues that the road that connects old Greeks to the Renaissance to trendy occasions is an optical phantasm, and international and Asia-centered background can larger find the eu event within the shared histories of humanity. partially of the paintings Hodgson shifts the focal point and in a parallel movement seeks to find the historical past of Islamic civilization in an international old framework. eventually, partly 3 he argues that during the tip there's yet one history--global history--and that every one partial or privileged debts needs to unavoidably be resituated in an international old context. The ebook additionally contains an advent through the editor, Edmund Burke III, contextualizing Hodgson's paintings in international historical past and Islamic background.

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Extra resources for Rethinking World History: Essays on Europe, Islam and World History (Studies in Comparative World History)

Example text

Greek thought became an integral element in the Middle Eastern tradition, while Middle Eastern religion had a central place in European life. A somewhat sharper division existed before Europe and the Middle East on the one hand and the Indie lands on the other. Greeks and Arabs, io I Europe in a global context Latins and Persians, have had much the same reaction to India, in medieval times, finding it alien to a degree that they have not found each other alien. The Hindu-Kush and the Baluchistan desert formed a more serious barrier than the Taurus.

Certainly to a degree it was simply that common problems were being met, and sometimes they were answered differently - thus, in contrast to all other regions, in China in this period there was a clear decline of the universal religions, Buddhism and Taoism, to the profit of what was essentially a philosophical system of the "Axial Age," Confucianism. Nevertheless, by this time the interactions among regions - as a result of Islam, or of the Mongols, or of scientific or artistic borrowing, and the like - were so frequent, and involved even the isolated China and the distant Western Europe so freely, that these developments cannot be fully disengaged from each other.

When local cultural traditions within the main geographical regions had been largely submerged. But by the Middle Ages, the rise of the religions of salvation had established bonds which were as strong as, or even stronger than, those of literary tradition; such bonds sometimes cut right across the lines of literary association. In the regions from Europe to India, religious affiliation became more important than literary, and peoples came to be linked together as Christian or Zoroastrian or Buddhist, rather than as using Greek or Cuneiform or Sanskrit.

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Rethinking World History: Essays on Europe, Islam and World History (Studies in Comparative World History) by Marshall G. S. Hodgson

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