By Joanna De Groot
A brand new and unique interpretation of the social historical past of faith in Iran from the 1870s to the 1970s. Drawing jointly faith and different social and cultural concerns, it areas the progressive upheavals of 1977-82 within the context of old advancements over the previous century. De Groot argues that Iran's revolution used to be no longer the inevitable consequence of the character of the Iranian country or of faith in Iran yet was once even more advanced and resulted from a much broader diversity of things than is generally believed. She makes a speciality of the human responses of Iranians to their reviews and at the wealthy type and complexity of the connection among faith and different elements of society, suggestion and tradition of their lifestyle. Stimulating and fascinating, faith, tradition and Politics in Iran makes a massive contribution to the learn of Iranian society.
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Additional resources for Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran: From the Qajars to Khomeini (Library of Modern Middle East Studies)
The very patterns of religious practice embodied hierarchy and authority as well as shared belief and activity. The charisma and spiritual insight of preachers and mystics marked them as sources of inspiration claiming obedience from disciples and followers. The ‘ulama’s material resources and professional standing placed them among the respected and ‘notable’ members of their communities. At the upper levels of the religious hierarchy, mujtaheds had the recognised authority to issue judgments on legal and doctrinal matters which were binding on their followers (muqallid).
These links played a part in family and neighbourhood life and popular culture. They were formative cultural inﬂuences on behaviour, expressing concerns with prosperity, respectability, power and survival. The entwining of religious elements in everyday activities and relationships linked religious specialists to households, workshops and merchant groups, shaping collective identities. Contacts among ‘ulama, artisans, traders, itinerant preachers, peasants, tullab, darvishes or teachers provided religious dimensions for many basic features of daily life.
Images of such a division exercised considerable cultural and ideological power 38 39 A story of cultures and communities among reformers and oﬃcials during the period of constitutional struggle and the Reza Shah regime, and among the politically active sections of Iranian society during the 1941–53 period. This should not be confused with the more nuanced and complex choices and negotiations made in daily life. The teacher looking to blend Suﬁsm with modern educational methods, pastoral nomads pursuing communal rivalries by using links to the new bureaucracy, the ‘tribal’ leader using established rights and authority to shift his followers from nomadism to settled agriculture and to introduce modern schooling, all practised such negotiations.
Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran: From the Qajars to Khomeini (Library of Modern Middle East Studies) by Joanna De Groot