By Joanna De Groot
A brand new and unique interpretation of the social background of faith in Iran from the 1870s to the 1970s. Drawing jointly faith and different social and cultural matters, it areas the innovative upheavals of 1977-82 within the context of historic advancements over the previous century. De Groot argues that Iran's revolution used to be no longer the inevitable consequence of the character of the Iranian kingdom or of faith in Iran yet used to be even more advanced and resulted from a much wider diversity of things than is typically believed. She makes a speciality of the human responses of Iranians to their reports and at the wealthy type and complexity of the connection among faith and different features of society, inspiration and tradition of their lifestyle. Stimulating and interesting, faith, tradition and Politics in Iran makes a big contribution to the examine of Iranian society.
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Extra info for Religion, culture and politics in Iran: from the Qajars to Khomeini
The teacher looking to blend Suﬁsm with modern educational methods, pastoral nomads pursuing communal rivalries by using links to the new bureaucracy, the ‘tribal’ leader using established rights and authority to shift his followers from nomadism to settled agriculture and to introduce modern schooling, all practised such negotiations. So did army oﬃcers buying into land and business, artisans acquiring new skills, or intellectuals combining modern science with Shi’a piety, just as many Iranians modiﬁed ‘traditional’ dress rather than abandoning it wholesale.
While the army and gendarmerie brought state power into rural areas through conscription, policing and military action against ‘tribal’ opponents of the state, the impact of new inﬂuences outside towns was limited. The transition which took place is best seen as a set of speciﬁc changes whose uneven impact differentiated various communities rather than a process aﬀecting all Iranians. There were clear areas of diﬀerence between urban and rural settlements, but also between important provincial and economic centres and smaller towns, and between Tehran and all other cities.
33 Elite notions that social and political order rested on the bond between the twin bases of stable government and religious authority supported strong ideological associations between religious and political power. The emphasis given here to religious inﬂuences and features within the communities and hierarchies of nineteenth-century Iran should not suggest that these elements were all-pervasive. The capacity of ordinary Iranians to make much of their spiritual lives for themselves created a cultural spectrum running from localised autonomy from learned religion to explicitly anti-clerical The ‘religious’ and the ‘social’ positions.
Religion, culture and politics in Iran: from the Qajars to Khomeini by Joanna De Groot