Religion as magical ideology : how the supernatural reflects - download pdf or read online

By Konrad Talmont-Kaminski

ISBN-10: 1844656446

ISBN-13: 9781844656448

ISBN-10: 1844656454

ISBN-13: 9781844656455

'Religion as Magical Ideology' examines the connection among rationality and supernatural ideals arguing that such ideals are items of evolution, cognition and tradition. The e-book doesn't supply a fake rapprochement among cause and faith; in its place, it explores their interrelationship as a chain of complicated variations among cognitive and cultural approaches. Exploring the character of the strain among spiritual traditions and cause, 'Religion as Magical Ideology' develops a twin inheritance concept of faith - which mixes the cognitive byproduct and prosocial edition bills - and analyses the relationship among the functionality of a trust and the measure of safeguard it will get from strength counter-evidence. With dialogue starting from person cognitive mechanisms, common useful issues, to the bounds of evolutionary and cognitive methods, the ebook bargains readers a scientific account of ways cognition shapes non secular ideals and practices

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Niko Tinbergen (1963) famously claimed that to provide a complete evolutionary explanation of any trait it is necessary to answer four basic questions: • What is the mechanism underlying the trait? • How does the trait develop? • What is the current function of the trait, if any? • What is the evolutionary history that led to the appearance of the trait? In the case of human cognition, a proper answer to that very last question would require showing how even the most advanced features of human cognition have evolved from the much simpler cognitive mechanisms possessed by our ancestral species, going all the way back to simple single-cell lifeforms that only exhibited rudimentary behaviour involving moving towards or away from basic stimuli such as light or local concentrations of particular chemicals.

In this, they are very much unlike the classical view of reason that Brown writes about or, for that matter, the idealized Enlightenment view of reason that Hume was arguing against. This is vital 37 religion as magical ideology as it is because of their modest aims that heuristics succeed where idealized reason failed. The principle of the uniformity of nature would have a global reach, and so its failure invites a global scepticism. Heuristics only assume local uniformities that may disappear over time, just like the environments that support particular species.

Yet it will be argued here that it is a fundamentally mistaken position, nonetheless. The obvious approach to juxtapose Kahneman’s work against is that of Gerd Gigerenzer. Indeed, later on in the chapter much use will be made of the work of not just Gigerenzer but also of Herbert Simon and William Wimsatt, both of whom have pursued the same basic approach as Gigerenzer. At this point, however, it is important to consider a general critique of the view that reason can be understood in terms of a decontextualized logic.

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Religion as magical ideology : how the supernatural reflects rationality by Konrad Talmont-Kaminski


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