By Pippa Norris
The middle puzzle which this e-book resolves is to give an explanation for why radical correct events have complex in a various array of democracies--including Austria, Canada, Norway, France, Italy, New Zealand, Switzerland, Israel, Romania, Russia, and Chile--while failing to make related profits in comparable societies somewhere else, resembling Sweden, Britain, and the us. This publication expands our knowing of help for radical correct events by means of proposing an built-in new idea that's then confirmed systematically utilizing a wealth of cross-national survey proof protecting nearly 40 nations.
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Extra resources for Radical Right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market
Of course, radical right parties, such as the UK National Front and Australia’s One Nation, may decide to focus only on their core values, emphasizing single-issue xenophobic antiforeigner cultural protectionism, prioritizing ideological purity over electoral popularity. But under majoritarian electoral rules, given the distribution of public opinion on these issues, the theory suggests that such parties will repeatedly fail to surmount the hurdles to become elected on a sustained basis and they will remain marginalized at the periphery of power.
These appeals can be tested empirically by examining survey evidence about the characteristics of party supporters in many nations, as well as by comparing selected detailed case studies illustrating historical processes in specific countries. Most analysis of voting behavior is conventionally conducted at the individual level with comparisons made among groups of party supporters P1: JZZ 0521849144c01 CUNY008B/Norris 32 0 521 84914 4 July 5, 2005 15:41 Understanding the Radical Right within each country.
Politicians may lag behind public opinion if they believe that certain policy options remain popular, such as programs promising tax cuts, even though the public has now shifted preferences toward public spending. Alternatively, policymakers may also run ahead of public opinion, for example if they are more liberal than the electorate in their own attitudes toward political refugees. 40 But when lagging or leading, politicians face an electoral penalty. Assuming the proximity model of voting behavior, where rational voters seek to maximize their utility by opting for the party closest to their ideological preferences, and against parties furthest away, in the longer term any growing disjunction between public preferences and the actions of policymakers can be expected to produce an electoral response that ‘throws the rascals out’ in favor of others more in tune with the national mood.
Radical Right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market by Pippa Norris