By Scott Cramer
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Additional info for Prostate Cancer (Deadly Diseases and Epidemics)
Bostwick, Pathology of the Prostate. B. Saunders, 1998. PSA test. If the results are still abnormal the next year, and especially if the test results are worse, then another biopsy will be performed at that time. STAGING THE CANCER If cancer is found, then the course of action for treatment depends on the determination of how aggressive the cancer is. Staging refers to the process of determining the degree that the prostate cancer has spread through the prostate gland and to other parts of the body.
A phase III trial is designed to test a hypothesis so that definite conclusions can be drawn. gov/clinicaltrials. C04_P3 54 3/5/08 5:25 PM Page 54 PROSTATE CANCER versus what a prostate cancer nodule feels like. It may also be helpful to have the same doctor perform the DRE each year, so that he or she is familiar with what the prostate felt like at the last examination. The DRE screening test does not provide a diagnosis for prostate cancer—this can only come from looking at the pathology of the prostate, usually from a sample taken by needle biopsy—but it has the major advantage of being quick, easy, and inexpensive.
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Prostate Cancer (Deadly Diseases and Epidemics) by Scott Cramer