Placebo talks : modern perspectives on placebos in society - download pdf or read online

By Amir Raz, Cory Harris

ISBN-10: 0199680701

ISBN-13: 9780199680702

Why do pink placebos stimulate while blue placebos calm? Why do extra placebos paintings larger than few? And why do dearer placebos paintings larger than more cost-effective ones? those are the various key questions that frequently are evoked once we contemplate the slippery and counterintuitive box of placebo technology.

Rather than think of placebos throughout the slender narrative of "sugar capsules" in medical trials, this ebook offers a number of views on how psychosocial parameters - akin to interpersonal rapport, historic and modern context, company reminiscence, expectation, empathy, wish, conditioning, symbolic pondering, and advice - play a job in forming placebo responses and placebo results. The booklet offers smooth views on placebos in society, together with in schooling, govt, undefined, media, and present tradition. . The editors use 3 assorted subject matters to clarify and problematic present conceptualizations of placebos and their accoutrements: the Practitioner lens, the Cultural lens, and the lens of placebo technological know-how, itself. those debts, via the very best students within the box, make for a cogent triangulation of the characteristics and virtues of placebos throughout a variety of disciplines correct to human habit.

Placebo Talks invitations readers to find how placebos could communicate to their very own reviews throughout wellbeing and fitness, society, sustenance, and similar features of latest life.

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Extra resources for Placebo talks : modern perspectives on placebos in society

Example text

Rabkin, J. , Markowitz, J. , Stewart, J. , et al. (1986). How blind is blind? Assessment of patient and doctor medication guesses in a placebo-controlled trial of imipramine and phenelzine. Psychiatry Research, 19, 75–86. , and Cukier, O. (2011). Placebos in clinical practice: a pan-Canadian review of attitudes and patterns of use between academic psychiatrists and non-psychiatrists. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(4), 198–208. 31 32 Antidepressants and the placebo effect Rush, A. , Trivedi, M.

It was developed in France, where it is licensed as an antidepressant and marketed under the name Stablon. It is also prescribed as an antidepressant in a number of other countries, sometimes under the names Coaxil or Tatinol. Tianeptine is a selective serotonin reuptake enhancer (SSRE). Instead of increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain—as SSRIs and SNRIs are supposed to do—tianeptine decreases it (Preskorn 2004; Sarek 2006). If the monoamine imbalance theory is right, tianeptine ought to induce depression, rather than ameliorate it.

If this was the tendency, how do physicians explain their rationale and expectation of drug action to their patients? Would this process now imply a degree of deception? And could an expectation-mediated therapeutic benefit ever outweigh the ethical dilemmas associated with using active medications for their placebo-like qualities? Other explanations certainly exist for why physicians prescribe what we consider active placebos. The use of sub-therapeutic doses could signal attempts at capturing insights from the low-dose literature with the aim of achieving therapeutic efficacy at below conventional doses.

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Placebo talks : modern perspectives on placebos in society by Amir Raz, Cory Harris

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