By Peter Strawson
This quantity offers twenty-two uncollected philosophical essays by means of Sir Peter Strawson, one of many best philosophers of the second one 1/2 the 20th century. The essays (two of them formerly unpublished) are drawn from seven a long time of labor, from 1949 to 2003. They span the vast variety of Strawson's paintings: metaphysics, epistemology, philosophical common sense, philosophy of language, moral thought, and background of philosophy, besides metaphilosophical reflections and highbrow autobiography.
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3)which becomes explicit only if the judgement is challenged or queried. Moral emotions, too, assume the character of habitual reactions. But emotions and judgements alike are grounded upon intuitions. Emotion may be the gatekeeper to the moral world; but intuition is the gate. —Not so fast. I understand you to say that at least one fundamental moral characteristic—rightness or goodness—is unanalysable. Perhaps both are. The experts are divided. In any case, the fundamental characteristic (or characteristics) can be known only by intuitive awareness of its (their) presence in some particular contemplated action or state of affairs.
It is the fact, then, that all the terms belonging to the circle are either technical terms or ordinary terms used in specially adjusted senses, that might be held to justify us in being particularly suspicious of the claims of members of the circle to have any sense at all, and hence to justify us in requiring them to pass a test for significance which would admittedly be too stringent if generally applied. This point has some force, though we doubt if the special adjustments spoken of are in every case as considerable as it suggests.
Two of them have not been previously published. The first is an intellectual memoir of Paul Grice given to a graduate seminar on ‘Oxford Philosophers of the Twentieth Century’ held by Peter Hacker and David Wiggins in Trinity Term 1997. The second is a short talk that Strawson gave to the University College Undergraduate PPE group in 2003. I would like to thank Javier Kalhat and Thomas Strawson for their help with proof reading; Thomas Strawson again, for preparing the index; my co‐editor Michelle Montague for working through the whole book with me in preparing it for publication; and Elmandi du Toit and Sarah Parker of Oxford University Press for their expert guidance through the production process.
Philosophical Writings by Peter Strawson