By Robert Kirchubel
While Hitler ordered the beginning of Operation Barbarossa, thousands of German infantrymen flooded into Russia, believing that their quick blitzkrieg strategies may lead to the a simple victory just like those loved by means of the Wehrmacht over Poland and France. however the large human assets on the disposal of the Soviet Union, and the numerous distances and overstretched offer strains that the Germans needed to conquer, observed the likely invincible armored spearheads begin to gradual. ultimately, in sight of Moscow, the German invasion floor to a halt. Hitler's desires of a brief victory have been shattered and the resultant conflict of attrition was once to bleed Germany white, robbing her of manpower and gear in a single of the bloodiest episodes in human background. totally illustrated with specific Osprey paintings, new maps, and modern photos, Operation Barbarossa tells the tale of 1 of the definitive campaigns of worldwide struggle II and examines how the failure of the invasion contributed to the ultimate defeat of Nazi Germany.
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Additional resources for Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of Soviet Russia
12 It also shared the army’s weakness of having very junior officers plan such a massive undertaking as Barbarossa: this task fell on Major Rudolf Loytved-Hardegg and three subordinate officers. These men provided sealed orders to Luftwaffe crews that were to be opened only eight hours prior to H-Hour! Consistent with the Luftwaffe’s main war-fighting doctrine, Regulation 16, Luftkriegsführung (1935), air superiority was its first priority. The Luftwaffe sought first to destroy the Red Army Air Force (especially its most modern equipment) and its supporting ground operations.
All subsequent plans were based on the weak cornerstone of Kinzel’s inadequate and faulty analysis that the Wehrmacht would take to its grave. This junior officer and his small overworked staff also had responsibility for the armies of Scandinavia, the Balkans, China, Japan, and the United States (Kinzel subsequently committed suicide in 1945). The Gestapo, answerable 9 Among others, the following senior German generals served in Russia during World War I: von Rundstedt, Kesselring, von Manstein, von Mackensen, and Halder.
But the Second Army’s wargame must have disappointed all concerned. Army Group North had lost Riga, was stalemated along the middle Dvina, and was stalled around Minsk. Army Group North took many remedial measures which paid dividends during Barbarossa. Once across the Dvina the panzers no longer wheeled southeast toward Minsk but made for Leningrad. Gone were conservative German movement rates: instead of infantry marching 60 miles in six days it advanced 150 miles in ten days; instead of panzers going 90 miles in six days they covered over 200 miles in less than 100 hours.
Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of Soviet Russia by Robert Kirchubel