By Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development
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Extra info for Natural Gas Market Review 2006: Towards a Global Gas Market
This implies that gas-ﬁred units can be added in a timely response to increased demand, which makes the economics of The EU Emission Trading Scheme should have a signiﬁcant impact on the use of fossil fuels and could support the use of natural gas for both existing and new power plants. Emission permits were traded at more than USD 30/t (EUR 25/t) in the ﬁrst quarter of 2006, partly as a result of high gas prices. The relatively high emission permit price illustrates the strong competition between coal and gas in a time of high gas prices and increasing focus on CO2 emissions.
In 2007, new major infrastructure coming on stream should include the Langeled pipeline from Norway (74 mcm/d), and LNG capacity expansion at the Isle of Grain (adding 23 mcm/d) and two new terminals at Milford Haven (25 + 16 mcm/d). LNG in particular should provide some much needed diversity Figure 9 of supply. Having this infrastructure is important but does not necessarily guarantee ample supply, as more supply is dependent on market conditions. Supply tightness in Italy Italy has suffered severe natural gas supply shortages in the winter of 2005-06 as a result of the combination of unusually cold weather and an extraordinarily high demand of gas for power generation.
With the introduction of competition in the power generation segment of the value chain, costs can no longer automatically be passed on from investors and plant owners to ﬁnal consumers. Owners of generation plants will only operate if their marginal costs are covered by the market price of electricity in any given hour, and invested capital and risk premiums will only be recovered if the market price is high enough to cover longrun marginal costs on average over the lifetime of the plant. In this new setting, investors are forced to take all the real business risks into account when making investment decisions.
Natural Gas Market Review 2006: Towards a Global Gas Market by Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development