By Jonathan Barry, Colin Jones
"Medicine and Charity earlier than the Welfare nation" bargains a large viewpoint at the dating among charity and drugs in Western Europe among the center a while and the appearance of welfare states within the twentieth century. clinical heritage is analyzed not only as a vital part of social background, yet as delivering a strong perception into family among donors, practitioners, sufferers and the broader society. via particular case reports, the authors spotlight major transformations among Britain, France, Italy and Germany, and provide a severe vocabulary for greedy the problems raised. The book of this ebook displays contemporary advancements in relation to the function of charity in drugs, fairly the revival of curiosity within the position of voluntary provision in modern social coverage. It emphasizes the altering stability of "care" and "cure" because the objective of clinical charity, and exhibits how fiscal and political elements motivated the various varieties of charity. This ebook may be of curiosity to scholars, lecturers and researchers of the historical past of drugs, social background, and social coverage.
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Extra info for Medicine and Charity Before the Welfare State
The attempt to endow an institution perpetually, to protect it from intrusion and to create in it a continuous flow of charitable-liturgical practice was met, in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, by adoption of organizational forms from the sphere of secular religious life. Hospitals followed the patterns of secular collegiate houses—largely encompassed within the Augustinian rule—as religious institutions which functioned separately and independently within the secular world, ones which were provided with tools for self-management, and with means of subsistence for a perpetual body of priests and servants.
37 Cipolla, op. , p. Coturri, ‘La scuola di Santa Maria Nuova di Firenze’, Ospedali d’ltalia, Chirurgia, 1964, vol. 10. Coturri, ‘Le scuole ospedaliere di chirurgia del granducato di Toscana (secc. XVII– XIX)’, Minerva medica, 1958, vol. 49. Trexler, op. cit.
By the mid-fifteenth century it was Florentine policy to put all plague victims in Santa Maria Nuova, thus isolating them from the sick poor in the other hospitals. This measure had obvious drawbacks, however, and as early as 1448 the city government developed plans for a special plague hospital that would remove plague victims from the regular hospitals entirely. 53 It was assumed, in other words, that the hospitals for the sick poor served a fundamentally different purpose from the lazarettos and other institutions for isolating contagiously ill patients.
Medicine and Charity Before the Welfare State by Jonathan Barry, Colin Jones