By Michel Balinski, Rida Laraki
This is often an enormous publication destined to impress massive controversy. encouraged by means of a deep realizing of perform -- score scholars, skaters, wines -- it is going past impossibility theorems to constructively problem the dominant method of the layout of vote casting approaches with a brand new concept, supported by means of vast experimental facts. Martin Shubik , Seymour Knox Professor Emeritus of Mathematical Institutional Economics, Yale college
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Extra info for Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing
Many claim the districts determine elections, not votes. 0% in 2006. Many candidates ran unopposed by a candidate from one of the two major parties in all three elections (19% in 2002, 15% in 2004, 14% in 2006). In Michigan the Democratic candidates together out-polled the Republican candidates by some 35,000 votes in 2002 yet elected only six representatives to the Republicans’ nine. In the 2002 Maryland elections, Republican representatives needed an average of 376,455 votes to be elected, the Democratic representatives only 150,708.
The temptation to gerrymander was not resisted. The districts distinctly favored the right. The distortion of representation became much worse across the years, accentuated by the migration from rural to urban areas. In fear of the outcome of the election of 1986, the socialist government of François Mitterrand changed the electoral law in 1985, reapportioning 577 seats (on the basis of the 1982 census) instead of 474, thereby assuaging many who feared defeat, and installed a system of proportional representation by party lists in departments using Jefferson’s method.
A multitude of different systems are used; they raise different problems, invoke different information, ask for different inputs, and are resolved with different mechanisms. Nevertheless, several central problems are common to many electoral systems. First and foremost among them is the subject of this book, the problem of social choice: to elect one candidate and rank all candidates. The apportionment of a legislature is a second major problem (see Balinski and Young 1982). In one guise, apportionment addresses how to allocate a fixed number of seats among regions according to their respective numbers of inhabitants.
Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing by Michel Balinski, Rida Laraki