New PDF release: Lebanon: The Fractured Country

By David Gilmour

ISBN-10: 0312477384

ISBN-13: 9780312477387

Show description

Read or Download Lebanon: The Fractured Country PDF

Best middle east books

Download e-book for kindle: The Jihadis Return: Isis and the New Sunni Uprising by Patrick Cockburn

Although able to staging striking assaults like 11th of September, jihadist enterprises weren't an important strength at the flooring once they first grew to become infamous within the form of al-Qa‘ida on the flip of century. The West’s preliminary successes within the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan weakened their aid nonetheless additional.

Download PDF by Ella K. Maillart, Jessa Crispin: The Cruel Way: Switzerland to Afghanistan in a Ford, 1939

In 1939 Swiss shuttle author and journalist Ella okay. Maillart trigger on an epic trip from Geneva to Kabul with fellow author Annemarie Schwarzenbach in a new Ford. because the first eu ladies to commute on my own on Afghanistan’s Northern highway, Maillart and Schwarzenbach had an extraordinary glimpse of lifestyles in Iran and Afghanistan at a time while their borders have been not often crossed by way of Westerners.

Get Access to History for the IB Diploma. The Arab-Israeli PDF

Make certain your scholars have entry to the authoritative, in-depth and obtainable content material of this sequence for the IB background degree. This sequence for the IB heritage degree has taken the readability, accessibility, reliability and in-depth research of our best-selling entry to historical past sequence and tailored it to raised healthy the IB learner's wishes.

Additional resources for Lebanon: The Fractured Country

Sample text

Furthermore, several of the leading Arab nationalists, two of them former prime ministers, were defeated. ~ing which contributed to the defeats of Saeb Salam in Beirut and Kamal Jumblatt, the socialist leader, in the Chouf. Chamoun followed up his victory by making it clear that he intended to alter the constitution in order to allow himself a second term as president. Coming after the Eisenhower Doctrine and the elections, this was too much for his opponents and there was an uprising against the government.

He could count on elderly relatives to find him a job, probably in a family firm or business. If he was rich, he would take it upon himself to provide for poorer relations, and would even invite them to live with him. When the Palestinians were expelled from their country in 1948, the lucky ones were able to go and live with their Lebanese relatives. The family's welfare role was of immense importance, especially as the state's welfare system was so inadequate. If somewhere in the family there happened to be a doctor or a lawyer, this would open up services to many people who otherwise might be unable Modern Lebanon 15 to afford them.

They practise a secret faith and only their men can be initiated into it. Among other things they believe in predestination, reincarnation and the divinity of the Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim (996-1021 AD). Although they read the Koran and believe that Muhammad was the prophet of God, they do not pray in Il'l;osques and have no public places of worship. Nor do they observe the fast of Ramadan or go on the pilgrimage to Mecca. They were for a long time the dominant sect of Mount Lebanon but now form a fairly small community based on the mountainous area south of the Beirut-Damascus road.

Download PDF sample

Lebanon: The Fractured Country by David Gilmour

by Christopher

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 47 votes