By Gareth R. V. Stansfield
The Iraqi Kurds have loved de facto statehood within the north of Iraq for over a decade yet Intra-Kurdish combating, army incursions by means of Turkey and Iran and the consistent possibility posed by way of Saddam Hussein have plagued this 'democratic experiment'. during this publication, Stansfield explores the advance of the Kurdish political method seeing that 1991. He examines the tough and sometimes violent family members among the 2 dominant powers, the Kurdistan Democratic occasion (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), and their courting with the Kurdish local govt which will comprehend the present country of Iraqi Kurdish politics and the operation of the state.This topical in-depth research identifies the most dynamics of Iraqi Kurdish politics, analyzes the list and strength of the 'Kurdish democratic experiment', and identifies the current and destiny Kurdish leaders.
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Additional resources for Iraqi Kurdistan: Political Development and Emergent Democracy (Routledgecurzon Advances in Middle East and Islamic Studies)
A vital aspect of identity for Kurds is their linguistic characteristics. Often cited as a reason of national unity, but perhaps more an indicator of disunity, the issues surrounding Kurdish dialects are later studied. Similarly, the diversity of religious faiths apparent in the region is a necessary component of the political system, particularly with minority religious and ethnic communities currently enjoying notable political status. This chapter concludes with an analysis of the Iraqi Kurdish economy.
11 The temperatures within Iraqi Kurdistan vary sharply, from the hot, arid undulating areas of the Garmian, to the bitterly cold high mountain areas in winter. 12 However, the Garmian region south of Darbandikhan commonly exceeds 50°C in the summer months, and it is not unusual for Erbil to attain temperatures of 45°C. Water resources Kurdistan is rich in natural resources, and Iraqi Kurdistan in particular is wellendowed with a broad spectrum including water and oil. However, the control of such resources, whether in terms of dams, oil reﬁneries or mines has rarely been in the hands of the Kurds, and has instead been controlled by the central authorities.
2 WFP/General Directorate of Food Trade (Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs, KRG) ﬁgures, 1996 survey. 3 Compulsory Education Survey, Ministry of Education – UNICEF (KRG), 1996. 4 Department of Rural Development/Department of Water and Sanitation (Ministry of Reconstruction and Development, Ministry of Municipalities and Tourism, KRG), 1995. 5 Includes ﬁgures for Darbandikhan Governorate. 4 Rural–urban population breakdown, all governorates1 Rural Urban Total Collective City/town Population Population %<5 Population %<5 Dohuk Erbil Suleimaniyah Darbandikhan 783,865 1,141,505 1,026,322 363,512 217,670 237,675 265,921 98,809 18 17 16 16 194,153 177,818 308,4162 18 23 17 Total 3,315,204 820,075 17 680,387 19 Population 372,042 726,012 716,688 3 1,814,742 Notes: 1 Total population ﬁgures from WFP/Department of Food (Kurdistan Regional Government Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs) Northern Iraq database (1996), calculated from food agents reports on the oil-for-food programme.
Iraqi Kurdistan: Political Development and Emergent Democracy (Routledgecurzon Advances in Middle East and Islamic Studies) by Gareth R. V. Stansfield