By Saira Khan
This book investigates what's riding Iran's nuclear guns programme in a less-hostile nearby atmosphere, utilizing a idea of protracted conflicts to explicate proliferation.
Iran’s nuclear guns software has alarmed the overseas group because the Nineteen Nineties, yet has come to the vanguard of overseas safeguard issues when you consider that 2000. This booklet argues that Iran’s hostility with the U.S. continues to be the most important causal issue for its proliferation actions. With the U.S. management pursuing competitive overseas rules in the direction of Iran on account that 2000, the latter’s safeguard chance intensified. A society that's break up on many vital family matters remained united at the factor of nuclear guns acquisition after the U.S. struggle in Iraq. accordingly, Iran turned made up our minds in its force to obtain nuclear guns and boldly introduced its selection to counterpoint uranium, leaving the united states in without doubt approximately its nuclear status.
This ebook underscores the significance of protracted conflicts in proliferation judgements, and underpinning this can be the idea that non-proliferation will be accomplished throughout the termination of intractable conflicts. The goals of this paintings are to illustrate state’s choice to procure nuclear guns relies principally on its engagement in protracted conflicts, which indicates not just that the presence of nuclear opponents intensifies the nuclear ambition, but additionally that non-nuclear prestige of rival states can advertise non-proliferation incentives in conflicting states vulnerable to proliferate.
This learn can be of serious curiosity to scholars of Iran, heart jap politics, nuclear proliferation and diplomacy theory.
Saira Khan is a study affiliate within the McGill-University of Montreal Joint examine team in overseas safeguard (REGIS).
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Additional info for Iran and Nuclear Weapons: Protracted Conflict and Proliferation (Routledge Global Security Studies)
Direct or proxy wars can be fought by great powers. The cold war period demonstrates the large number of proxy wars the superpowers have been engaged in to protect or defend their satellite states and to stop the adversaries from making any gains in their spheres of influence. The period also shows how easily the superpowers could have been driven into a nuclear confrontation with the eruption of a nuclear crisis in 1962 – the Cuban Missile Crisis. Since great power politics is much different from regional power rivalry, the two superpowers of the cold war years acquired nuclear weapons and throughout the period of rivalry maintained the strategy of mutual assured destruction (MAD) to deter wars in the conflict relations.
10 Brecher and Wilkenfeld consider “heightened probability of war” as a necessary condition of crisis. They state that this probability can range from virtually nil to near certainty. For a crisis to erupt, however, perception of war likelihood need not be high. Rather, it must 30 Theory be qualitatively higher than the norm in the specific adversarial relationship. 11 In any case, they include war as an integral part of a crisis, which, in a nuclear situation, is inapplicable. War, which is an acute form of violence, becomes the pivotal concern of each party.
Before analyzing the connection between protracted conflicts and proliferation tendencies, it is important to define a Protracted Conflict (PC). A general definition of PC given by Edward Azar is: Protracted conflicts are hostile interactions which extend over long periods of time with sporadic outbreaks of open warfare fluctuating in frequency and intensity. They are conflict situations in which stakes are very high . . 5 As the definitions suggest, PCs generate crises and wars, or they are common conflict behaviors or manifestations.
Iran and Nuclear Weapons: Protracted Conflict and Proliferation (Routledge Global Security Studies) by Saira Khan