By Ulrike Gut
This entire textbook presents a realistic advent to English phonetics and phonology. Assuming no previous history, the writer outlines the entire middle innovations and strategies of phonetics and phonology and provides the fundamental proof in a transparent and easy demeanour. In sections marked as complicated studying it truly is proven how those options and strategies are utilized in language acquisition and language instructing. The textbook includes workouts, an index, feedback for additional analyzing and plenty of audio examples at the accompanying CD-ROM. a necessary textual content for college kids embarking at the examine of English sounds at B.A. point and past.
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Additional info for Introduction to English Phonetics and Phonology
However, it needs to be pointed out that speakers seem to differ in their articulations of individual speech sounds. Measurements of the movement of the tongue or the place of contact at the roof of the mouth for particular speech sounds have revealed that speakers use different articulations. For example, some speakers' tongue tip does not meet the alveolar ridge but rather the back ofthe upper teeth for the production of a [t]. It is assumed that when leaming to pronounce a language speakers aim to achieve an acoustic goal rather than an articulatory one.
G. Trouvain & Gut 2007). g. Missaglia 2007). Moreover, variations of sounds due to coarticulatory effects or stress (for example, vowel reduction in English) are taught as weIl. 8 Methods of researching speech production (advanced reading) Our knowledge of the way in which the speech organs are involved in the production of speech sounds is fairly recent. It is only since the 193 Os that technical devices have become available for studying the physiology of speech production in detail. A few of the currently most commonly used ones will be described in this section.
For example, when the nasal cavity is full of mucus and the tissue is swollen, as is the case when a speaker has the flu, Speech production 25 the sound of the speaker's voice is altered considerably. Of course, the sizes and specific shapes of the cavities differ among speakers, which leads to a different volume and different resonating characteristics. Thus, the particular shape ofthe three cavities in individual speakers contributes to their specific voice quality. Note that the cavities do not provide resonance for an airstream that passed the open glottis and did not set the vocal folds into vibration.
Introduction to English Phonetics and Phonology by Ulrike Gut