Get International Financial History in the Twentieth Century: PDF

By Marc Flandreau, Carl-Ludwig Holtfrerich, Harold James

ISBN-10: 0521819954

ISBN-13: 9780521819954

The essays during this booklet learn the lengthy background of the foreign economic system by way of the present debate approximately globalization and its limits. within the 19th century, foreign markets existed with no overseas associations. within the interwar years, makes an attempt (largely unsuccessful) at designing a real foreign exchange and fiscal method have been made even as (coincidentally) that the process collapsed. within the post-1945 period, the meant layout attempt was once infinitely extra profitable. the advance of enormous foreign capital markets because the Nineteen Sixties, even if, more and more annoyed makes an attempt at overseas keep an eye on.

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Extra info for International Financial History in the Twentieth Century: System and Anarchy

Sample text

5 Defaults did take place, and military intervention, when it occurred, 2 Barry Eichengreen and Marc Flandreau, “The Geography of the Gold Standard,” in J. , Currency Convertibility, the Gold Standard, and Beyond (London, 1996). 3 Marc Flandreau, “Central Bank Cooperation in Historical Perspective: A Sceptical View,” Economic History Review (1997). 4 N. Herbault, “Le contrˆole international en Egypte, Turquie et Gr`ece,” Congres ´ International des Valeurs Mobili`eres, 4 fascicule, no. 166 (1901): 1–51.

The move, first gradual (there were still twenty employees in 1893), quickly accelerated: Eighty people worked in the service at the turn of the century. 42 Drastic increases brought budgets near 800,000 francs per year after 1900. ” 41 Bouvier, Le Cr´edit Lyonnais, 294. 42 Archives du Credit ´ Lyonnais, DEEF, Bd des Italiens. 1. SEF expenses (French francs, left scale) and number of employees (right scale). Source: Archives DEEF, “Boulevard des Italiens,” sans cote. 43 The increase in the number of SEF employees also outpaced the growth of labor inputs for the bank at large.

Comptes d’ordre were handled with special care when it came to state business. National accounting techniques created spurious fluctuations in official revenue and expenditures: One example was the Spanish tobacco monopoly, which, until 1887, was state run. Spending on personnel and the like was thus recorded among government expenditures, and gross income was recorded on the revenue side. The resulting net profit until 1887 was an annual income of about 70 million peseta. In 1887, however, the Spanish government farmed out its monopoly.

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International Financial History in the Twentieth Century: System and Anarchy by Marc Flandreau, Carl-Ludwig Holtfrerich, Harold James


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