Immunopharmacology of the Gastrointestinal System by John L. Wallace PDF

By John L. Wallace

ISBN-10: 0127328602

ISBN-13: 9780127328607

Ailments of the digestive procedure have a better morbidity cost than the other staff of ailment. there's a turning out to be physique of facts that the immune method participates within the pathogenesis of quite a lot of those ailments, together with peptic ulcer disorder and the gastropathy brought about through nonsteroidal anti inflammatory medications (NSAIDS). For those purposes, efforts to boost novel treatments for digestive illnesses are more and more thinking about the immune approach. This quantity stories the immunopharmacology of the gastrointestinal tract at 4 certain degrees: Immunomodulation at a mobile point mobile targers for immunomodulating medications particular sessions of inflammatory mediators application and mechanisms of motion of glucocorticoids within the therapy of ailments of the gastrointestinal tract

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H. PERDUE A N D D . M . MCKAY Mr T. Prior for his help with the production of figures. Financial support from the Medical Research Council o f Canada, the Canadian Foundation for Ileitis and Colitis and the National Institute o f Health (NS29536-02) to support some o f the studies cited in this chapter is gratefully acknowledged. Additional support from Marion Merrell Dow. Inc. is also acknowledged. Bern, M . J . , Berschneider, H . J . T. W. (1989) Immune system control of rat and rabbit colonic electrolyte transport: role of prostaglandins and enteric nervous system.

LymG307-G314. phoepithelial interactions in the mucosal immune system. E. and Dharmsathaphorn, K. (1991). In "The TextGut 2 9 , 1 1 1 6 - 1 1 3 0 . book of Gastroenterology" (ed T. Yamada), pp. 2 6 5 - 2 9 4 . , Kvale, Lippincott, Philadelphia. , Scott, H. M. (1989). Barrett, K . E . , Dharmsathaphorn, K. I. (1989). Differing effects of apical and mucosa: humoral immunity and intraepithelial lymphocytes. basolateral adenosine on colonic epithelial cell line T84. Am. Gastroenterology 97, 1 5 6 2 - 1 5 8 4 .

H . PERDUE AND D . M . , 1991). In contrast, Baker and Campbell (1991) have reported that neutrophil-derived H2O2 is more detrimental to rat enterocytes than Oi~. Application o f H2O2 to rat colonic tissue and T 8 4 cells resulted in a biphasic increase in I sc due to the stimulation of chloride secretion and inhibition o f NaCl absorption. Pretreatment with inhibitors o f cyclooxygenase activity inhibited this response. , 1990). As PGl2-induced secretion can be neuronally modulated, an intricate pattern o f interactions is emerging, involving immunocompetent cells, inflammatory mediators and the enteric nervous system in the control o f GI epithelial function.

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Immunopharmacology of the Gastrointestinal System by John L. Wallace

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