By Katherine Holman
The historic Dictionary of the Vikings lines Viking task in Europe, North the USA, and Asia for over 3 centuries. in this interval humans from Scandinavia used their longships to release lightning raids upon their ecu buddies, to colonize new lands within the east and west, and to switch Scandinavian furs for jap wine and spices and Arab silver. The Viking age additionally observed major alterations at domestic in Scandinavia - kings prolonged their energy, Norse paganism misplaced flooring to christianity, and new cities and ports thrived because of elevated touch with the broader world.
This booklet presents a finished paintings of reference for individuals attracted to the Vikings, together with entries at the major ancient figures focused on this dramatic interval, vital battles and treaties, major archaeological unearths, and key works and resources of knowledge at the interval. It additionally summarizes the influence the Vikings had at the parts the place they traveled and settled. there's a chronological desk, specified and annotated bibliographies for various topics and geographical destinations, and an creation discussing the main occasions and advancements of the Viking age.
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Additional resources for Historical Dictionary of the Vikings
Asgard was the home and stronghold of the Æsir family of gods in Norse mythology. In Gylfaginning, Snorri Sturluson describes the construction of a fortification for the gods that is generally regarded as referring to the building of Asgard.
In addition to this, chapter nine details the relationship between the Rus and several of the tribes living in the regions around the Dnieper, down to Kiev: the Slavic Krivichians and Lenzanenes paid them tribute, but the Pechenegs were hostile; and there is also mention of some pagan rituals performed by the Rus on the island of St. Gregorios on their journey south. Most of this chapter reads like an eyewitness’s account, and it has been suggested that Constantine’s source was a Byzantine diplomat or perhaps a Scandinavian from Russia, familiar with both the Slavonic and Scandinavian languages.
In 1009 a large army under the leadership of Thorkell the Tall arrived in England and campaigned extensively in southern and southeastern England for the next three years. Before it dispersed in 1012, virtually the entire area was under Scandinavian control according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. However, Thorkell then decided to enter the service of Æthelred, and help him to combat a new Scandinavian army threatening England. In 1013, Svein Forkbeard landed at Sandwich before moving north. He quickly received the submission of Northumbria, Lindsey (North Lincolnshire), and the Five Boroughs at Gainsborough and then headed back south, taking hostages at Oxford and Winchester, and finally receiving the submission of London at Bath.
Historical Dictionary of the Vikings by Katherine Holman