By Saulius Suziedelis
The Lithuanian humans have gone through ancient adjustments rather diverse from these of different ecu international locations. In previous centuries geography supplied strategic virtue and possibilities for growth yet in recent years the rustic has extra frequently skilled place as a geopolitical curse. After regularly wasting territory and shrinking in dimension, the rustic disappeared in 1795. even though, after global struggle I a favored nationwide flow ended in the recovery of Lithuania as an self sufficient kingdom. international battle II and its bloody aftermath introduced international career in addition to genocide, mass homicide, and destruction exceptional within the country's sleek historical past. The recovery of independence in 1990 has essentially altered Lithuania's geopolitical truth. Integration into the eu Union and the North Atlantic Treaty association promise a brand new point of defense for the Lithuanian kingdom within the twenty first century whilst the social and fiscal differences current either promising possibilities and hard challenges.The moment version of the ancient Dictionary of Lithuania will function an invaluable advent to nearly all facets of Lithuania's old adventure, together with the country's family members with its acquaintances. this can be performed via a chronology, an introductory essay, an in depth bibliography, and over three hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on major individuals, areas, and occasions; associations and companies; and political, financial, social, cultural, and non secular elements.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Lithuania, 2nd Edition (Historical Dictionaries of Europe)
The center and left parties fanned anti-Church passions, while many Catholic Bloc politicians accused everyone to their left of Bolshevism. The elections brought to power a center-left coalition of Peasant Populists and Social Democrats led by two respected statesmen, Prime Minister Sleževičius and President Kazys Grinius (1866–1950). The government abolished martial law, reduced the military budget, and proposed to secularize education. Virtually from its inception, the new government faced virulent opposition from many quarters.
3 August: The Supreme Soviet of the USSR approves the application of the Lithuanian SSR to join the Soviet Union, thus formally annexing Lithuania. 1 November: Anti-Soviet manifestations erupt during All Souls’ Day in Kaunas. 3 November: The Lithuanian Activist Front is formed in Berlin. 1941 14–17 June: NKVD and Communist activists carry out deportations of nearly 20,000 civilians and political prisoners. 22 June: The SovietGerman war begins. 23 June: An anti-Soviet rebellion breaks out and a provisional government announces the restoration of independent Lithuania.
CHRONOLOGY • xxix or deported to the Soviet Union. 14–15 July: Hastily organized elections to the People’s Diet are held. The Communist-led Lithuanian Labor Bloc announces winning 95 percent of a near-total turnout. 21–22 July: The People’s Diet convenes in Kaunas and proclaims the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR). A resolution demands that Lithuania apply to join the USSR. 3 August: The Supreme Soviet of the USSR approves the application of the Lithuanian SSR to join the Soviet Union, thus formally annexing Lithuania.
Historical Dictionary of Lithuania, 2nd Edition (Historical Dictionaries of Europe) by Saulius Suziedelis