By Faïza Bergaya, Benny K.G. Theng and Gerhard Lagaly (Eds.)
The 1st basic texts on clay mineralogy and the sensible purposes of clay, written via R.E. Grim, have been released a few 40-50 years in the past. considering then, an unlimited literature has collected yet this knowledge is scattered and never constantly obtainable. The instruction manual of Clay technological know-how goals at assembling the scattered literature at the different and numerous features that make up the self-discipline of clay technology. the themes lined diversity from the elemental buildings (including textures) and homes of clays and clay minerals, via their environmental, overall healthiness and business purposes, to their research and characterization by means of sleek instrumental options. additionally integrated are the clay-microbe interplay, layered double hydroxides, zeolites, cement hydrates, genesis of clay minerals in addition to the historical past and educating of clay technology. No glossy e-book within the English language is out there that's as entire and wide-ranging in assurance because the instruction manual of Clay Science.In offering a serious and up to date evaluation of the amassed info, this may function the 1st element of access into the literature for either beginners and graduate scholars, whereas for examine scientists, collage academics, commercial chemists, and environmental engineers the booklet becomes a customary reference textual content. * offers contributions from sixty six authors from 18 diverse international locations who've come jointly to supply the main finished glossy instruction manual on clay technology* offers updated options, homes, and reactivity of clays and clay minerals in a one-stop resource of knowledge* Covers classical and new environmental, commercial, and healthiness functions of clays, in addition to the instrumental options for clay mineral research* Combines geology, mineralogy, crystallography with physics, geotechnology, and soil mechanics including inorganic, natural, actual, and colloid chemistry for a very multidisciplinary strategy
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Additional info for Handbook of Clay Science
5. CLAY MINERAL PROPERTIES Clay minerals are characterized by certain properties, including 1. 7 nm, and that of the 2:1 (TOT) layer is about 1 nm, 2. the anisotropy of the layers or particles, 3. , 1979), 4. the ease with which the external, and often also the internal, surface can be modiﬁed (by adsorption, ion exchange, or grafting), 5. plasticity, and 6. hardening on drying or ﬁring; this applies to most (but not all) clay minerals. 4. Distinction between clay and clay mineral Clay Clay mineral Natural Fine-grained (o2 mm or o4 mm) Phyllosilicates as principal constituents Plastica Hardens on drying or ﬁring Natural and synthetic No size criterion May include non-phyllosilicates Plastic Hardens on drying or ﬁring a With some exceptions like ﬂint clays.
Wiley, New York. Velde, B. ), 1995. Origin and Mineralogy of Clays. Springer, Berlin. , 1989. Allophane and imogolite. B. ), Minerals in Soil Environments, 2nd edition. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, pp. 1051–1087. , 1989. Clays, Muds, and Shales. Elsevier, Amsterdam. , 1973. The Chemistry of Clay Minerals. Developments in Sedimentology 15. Elsevier, Amsterdam. J. ), 1994. Clay Mineralogy: Sprectroscopic and Chemical Determinative Methods. Chapman & Hall, London. Handbook of Clay Science Edited by F.
XRD-based methods for assessing the degree of structural order in kaolinite. The 2y values refer to CuKa radiation. , 1982). , 1982). Aparicio and Gala´n (1999) have investigated the inﬂuence of mineral and amorphous phases, associated with kaolin and kaolinitic rock, on kaolinite order–disorder measurements by XRD. Both the Hinckley and Range–Weiss indices appear to be inﬂuenced by quartz, feldspar, iron gels, illite, smectite, and halloysite. On the other hand, the Stoch index can be used in the presence of quartz, feldspar, iron, and silica gels, while the Lie´tard index is not affected by phases other than halloysite.
Handbook of Clay Science by Faïza Bergaya, Benny K.G. Theng and Gerhard Lagaly (Eds.)