By Patricia Crone
It is a arguable examine of the origins of Islamic civilisation, first released in 1977. by means of studying non-Muslim assets, the authors indicate the intimate hyperlink among the Jewish faith and the earliest varieties of Islam. As a major, scholarly try and open up a brand new, exploratory direction of Islamic heritage, the publication has already engendered a lot debate. This paperback variation will make the authors' conclusions greatly available to lecturers and scholars of center jap and Islamic experiences.
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Extra resources for Hagarism: The Making of the Islamic World
1 The followers of Jesus had done so by rendering the meaning of the messiah and his city innocuously spiritual: a heavenly Jerusalem was good enough for a sect whose kingdom was not of this world. 2 But the Hagarenes, being in immediate possession of political power, required a solution of a more drastic and concrete character. It is here that the abiding structural legacy of Samaritanism to Islam is to be found, despite the complexities induced by a variety of secondary inter· actions, in the form of a remarkable pair of Hagarene calques.
1 S3, n. I 3), the interpretation of Is. 2 I : 7 makes sense only if the passage was originally cited from the Targum, whereas in both the second and third Kenite passages, the original Hebrew is required (for the pun on etan in the second passage, see bdow, p. I63, n: 22; the third passage turns on taking'therock' as a reference to the T etnple rock, a connection which is rather lost if one substitutes the targumic renderings 'the cleft of the rock' (Neophyti~' 'the clefts of the rocks' (pseudo-Jonathan~ 'a cleft' (FragmentaryTargum), 'a fortress' (Onqelos)).
The history of its trans· mission between Moses and the rabbis had been preempted by categories which were too clumsily unitary to admit of such differentiation. Hence the talmudic dimension of rabbinic scholarship, the attempt of the g111111r11 to establish that the individual items were not only mutually compatible but also scripturally sanctioned :u. And because the rabbis were in possession of a large and varied scriptural corpus with a good measure of halakhic content, the opportunities for such demonstration were quite rich.
Hagarism: The Making of the Islamic World by Patricia Crone