William R. Nester's Globalization, War, and Peace in the Twenty-first Century PDF

By William R. Nester

ISBN-10: 0230106994

ISBN-13: 9780230106994

Violence is as outdated as humanity. prepared violence or struggle is as outdated because the first equipped societies. all through heritage so much states have been both getting ready for, conducting, or getting better from struggle. but lately the chance or use of violence in diplomacy, often called geopolitics, has sharply lowered as approximately all states are at peace all or as a rule. still geopolitical conflicts instigated through rogue states, militant ideologies, transnational terrorist teams, progressive events, or voracious, ruthless fiscal pursuits proceed to plague international locations and areas world wide. even though every one geopolitical clash has certain reasons, underlying all of them is a few risky mixture of the simplest and worst of human nature. Many a struggle has been fought lower than the lofty banner of justice, freedom, and equality. Many extra, in spite of the fact that, are provoked by means of the a long way darker explanations of greed, aggression, worry, vengeance, hatred, and lack of expertise. Globalization, warfare, and Peace within the Twenty-first Century explores humanity’s so much power and tragic challenge by way of answering 5 an important questions: How is army energy created and asserted? How do overseas legislation and companies constrain warfare? Why do countries visit struggle or remain at peace? What continuities and adjustments represent contemporary war? What are guns of mass destruction and what's the possibility of them getting used? What are the resource, tools, and result of terrorism and counterterrorism? The emphasis is on fresh headlines, with case reviews at the conflict opposed to Al Qaeda, the Iraq struggle, the Israeli-Palestinian clash, makes an attempt by way of North Korea and Iran to develop into nuclear powers, and different ongoing tragedies and threats. All alongside the e-book unearths why geopolitics persists although the ever thickening net of interdependent family members between geographical regions and peoples, often called globalization, sharply increases war’s charges and decreases its merits.

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The human and material costs of waiting may have been greater for the United States in the long run. The trouble with this scenario is that, given America’s deep isolationist sentiment before Pearl Harbor, it would have been politically impossible for President Roosevelt to formally ally with Britain and France unless the United States was directly attacked. The benefits of being in an alliance seem obvious. A nation’s security tends to strengthen with the alliances’ troops, weapons, geographical expanse, coordination, and will.

Yet, like Islam, Christianity has more recently expanded mostly from peaceful rather than forced conversion. The followers of both religions are split among a vast spectrum of groups that interpret their faith ranging from the most joyfully liberal, tolerant, and peaceful to the most harshly conservative, puritanical, and aggressive. Nonetheless, Huntington supported his assertion that Islam has “bloody borders” with hard data. Muslim states were involved in 76 of 142 international crises between 1928 and 1979, and, more recently in 1993 waged war in 28 of 59 conflicts within or between civilizations.

The United States lost the Vietnam War. A communist government seized and continued to maintain power in Cuba despite enormous American efforts to overthrow it. In 1968, the North Koreans seized an American spy ship and held it for nearly a year. In 1979, Iranians overran the American embassy and held its 52 employees hostage for 444 days. Although the violence is lower in Iraq today than in previous years, the war’s only victors there are appear to be anti-Americanism, Islamism, and Iran. Why did the United States lose these geopolitical conflicts?

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Globalization, War, and Peace in the Twenty-first Century by William R. Nester

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