Download e-book for iPad: Fungi in Biogeochemical Cycles (British Mycological Society by Geoffrey Michael Gadd

By Geoffrey Michael Gadd

ISBN-10: 0521845793

ISBN-13: 9780521845793

Fungi play vital roles within the biking of components within the biosphere yet are usually missed inside of microbiological and geochemical study spheres. Symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi are chargeable for significant ameliorations and redistribution of inorganic nutrition, whereas free-living fungi have significant roles within the decomposition of natural fabrics, together with xenobiotics. Fungi also are significant biodeterioration brokers of stone, wooden, plaster, cement and different development fabrics, and are very important elements of rock-inhabiting microbial groups. the purpose of this e-book is to advertise extra knowing of the main roles that free-living and symbiotic fungi (in mycorrhizas and lichens) play within the biogeochemical biking of parts, the chemical and organic mechanisms which are concerned, and their environmental and biotechnological importance. the place applicable, relationships with micro organism also are mentioned to focus on the dynamic interactions which can exist among those significant microbial teams and their built-in functionality in numerous forms of habitat.

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Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction. In Environmental Microbe-Metal Interactions, ed. D. R. Lovley. Washington, DC: ASM Press, pp. 3–30. Lovley, D. R. & Phillips, E. J. P. (1988). Novel mode of microbial energy metabolism: organic carbon oxidation coupled to dissimilatory reduction of iron or manganese. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 54, 1472–80. Lovley, D. , Stolz, J. , Nord, G. L. & Phillips E. J. P. (1987). Anaerobic production of magnetite by dissimilatory iron-reducing microorganisms. Nature, 330, 252–4.

Metallireducens. Because each of these two microbial species can perform the reduction by themselves, and because electron donors like lactate and acetate are formed as major end-products in the energy metabolism of a variety of microbes present in the same environment that harbours S. oneidensis or G. metallireducens, the latter do not need to form specific microbial associations to bring about Mn(IV) oxide reduction. 12 H. L. Ehrlich Transformation by microbial collaborations (consortia) Deposition of elemental sulphur formed from sulphate Essential collaboration of at least two different microbial species occurs in the transformation of sulphate to So in salt domes or similar sedimentary formations (see Ivanov, 1968).

Brierley. Warrendale, PA: The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, pp. 415–22. Ehrlich, H. L. (1999). Microbes as geologic agents: their role in mineral formation. Geomicrobiology Journal, 16, 135–53. Ehrlich, H. L. (2002a). Geomicrobiology, 4th edn. New York: Marcel Dekker. Ehrlich, H. L. (2002b). How microbes mobilize metals in ores: a review of current understandings and proposals for further research. Minerals and Metallurgical Processing, 19, 220–4. Ehrlich, H. L. & Fox, S. I. (1967). Copper sulfide precipitation by yeasts from acid minewaters.

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Fungi in Biogeochemical Cycles (British Mycological Society Symposia) by Geoffrey Michael Gadd

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