By Christian Siefkes
§ a brand new mode of creation has emerged within the parts of software program and content material creation. This mode, that's in accordance with sharing and cooperation, has spawned complete mature working structures corresponding to GNU/Linux in addition to innumerable different unfastened software program functions; big wisdom bases equivalent to the Wikipedia; a wide loose tradition move; and a brand new, totally decentralized medium for spreading, interpreting and discussing information and information, the so-called blogosphere. § up to now, this new mode of production-peer production-has been restricted to definite niches of construction, resembling details items. This publication discusses no matter if this difficulty is important or no matter if the potential for peer creation extends farther. In different phrases: Is a society attainable during which peer construction is the first mode of creation? if this is the case, how may well this kind of society be equipped? § Is a society attainable the place creation is pushed through call for and never by means of revenue? the place there's no have to promote whatever and for that reason no unemployment? the place pageant is extra a online game than a fight for survival? the place there isn't any contrast among individuals with capital and people with no? A society the place it'd be foolish to maintain your principles and information mystery rather than sharing them; and the place shortage isn't any longer a precondition of financial luck, yet an issue to be labored round? § it truly is, and this booklet describes how.
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Additional info for From Exchange to Contributions: Generalizing Peer Production into the Physical World
This might be a possibility, but only if there is a market for people to get rid of dwellings they no longer need. ” Is there a way in which peer production can solve this problem without having to rely on a complementary market system? The answer is obvious when we remember the flat rate model discussed above. With flat rates, a certain amount of contributions is required for a given time of usage, say, a month of Internet access. The same model can be used for housing: contributions are required for living in a dwelling for a certain amount of time, not for living there forever.
5): ownership of resources would mean that this aspect of the economy falls outside the realm of peer production, and a complementary market economy is needed to handle it. The alternative, as in the case of housing, consists in considering resources to be part of the commons. They can be managed by the local associations they are in, but they are not owned by anybody. Management of resources implies decisions about which resources to consider available (as discussed above) and how to share them.
We will use the term prosumer association to refer to any institutions (formal or informal) facilitating such horizontal coordination among the people and projects involved as producers or consumers (or both) in a specific sector of production. We will now investigate several forms which such coordination may take, discussing for each form whether and why it is likely to occur. 1 Adjusting Supply to Demand An important goal that projects can reach by coordinating their activities is to better adjust supply to demand, by projects coordinating which and how many goods they produce.
From Exchange to Contributions: Generalizing Peer Production into the Physical World by Christian Siefkes