By Peter T. Daniels, Pierre Briant
A translation of Pierre Briant's Histoire de l’Empire perse (1996). It's an encyclopedic and definitive historical past of the Achaemenid Persian Empire that all started with Cyrus the nice and collapsed after being conquered via Alexander the nice.
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Additional resources for From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire
10-*-): how history and mythology are intertwined here! Still later (XI. 20), he merely notes that Persian customs are identical to those of the Medes and other peoples. It must always be stressed that, aside from the obvious chronological imprecision of Strabo's arguments, they are built on a series of cultural stereotypes such as can be found in many other Greek authors who claim cavalierly to recount the history of the Persian people: the Persian conquest brought Median wealth and luxury to the conquerors, sym bolized especially by garments that in themselves demonstrated the "feminization" of the nouveaux riches.
108-29) dwells specifically on the treachery of a faction of the Median nobil ity toward Astyages. At the news of the approach of the Persian army raised by Cyrus, it is said, Astyages placed the Median army under the command of Harpagus—that is, the very person he had recently humiliated and severely punished for saving the infant 31 32 Chapter I. The Land-Collectors: Cyrus the Great and Cambyses Cyrus from death. Harpagus quickly made contact with Cyrus, who was hack in Persia with his father Cambyses (I); he even spurred him on in his revolt against the Medes.
During the reigns of Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562) and his successors, the Neo-Babylonian kingdom regained the Assyrian legacy in Syria-Palestine and an nexed part of Cilicia. The campaigns against Egypt, however, met with defeat. Another region escaped Neo-Babylonian dominion, in part at least: Elam, which had disap peared from the scene after being defeated by Assurbanipal. It seems clear that the de struction of Susa (646) was not as complete as the Assyrian annals would have us believe. A series of converging indications shows rather that, toward 625 at the latest, an Elamite kingdom was rebuilt around Susa, even if Babylon maintained its grasp on one or sev eral Elamite principalities.
From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire by Peter T. Daniels, Pierre Briant